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Webメールシステム - SquirrelMail
2013/05/11
 
SquirrelMail をインストールして、Yahoo メールや Hotmail のようなWebメールシステムを構築します。 ここの例ではメールサーバーにはローカルではなく、下記の通り、同一LAN内の別ホストのものを利用するように設定します。 よって、対象ホストにSMTP/IMAPサーバー導入済みが前提です。
    www.srv.world     - SquirrelMail 導入サーバー
    mail.srv.world     - SMTP/IMAPサーバー
[1] SquirrelMail のインストールと設定
root@www:~#
aptitude -y install squirrelmail squirrelmail-compatibility squirrelmail-secure-login squirrelmail-decode squirrelmail-locales
root@www:~#
/etc/squirrelmail/conf.pl
   
# 設定スクリプト実行

SquirrelMail Configuration : Read: config.php (1.4.0)
---------------------------------------------------------
Main Menu --
1.  Organization Preferences
2.  Server Settings
3.  Folder Defaults
4.  General Options
5.  Themes
6.  Address Books
7.  Message of the Day (MOTD)
8.  Plugins
9.  Database
10. Languages

D.  Set pre-defined settings for specific IMAP servers

C   Turn color on
S   Save data
Q   Quit

Command >>
1
 
# 選択

SquirrelMail Configuration : Read: config.php (1.4.0)
---------------------------------------------------------
Organization Preferences
1.  Organization Name      : SquirrelMail
2.  Organization Logo      : ../images/sm_logo.png
3.  Org. Logo Width/Height : (308/111)
4.  Organization Title     : SquirrelMail $version
5.  Signout Page           :
6.  Top Frame              : _top
7.  Provider link          : http://squirrelmail.org/
8.  Provider name          : SquirrelMail

R   Return to Main Menu
C   Turn color on
S   Save data
Q   Quit

Command >>
5
 
# ログアウト後のページ変更


When users click the Sign Out button they will be logged out and
then sent to signout_page.  If signout_page is left empty,
(hit space and then return) they will be taken, as normal,
to the default and rather sparse SquirrelMail signout page.

[]:
/webmail
   
# ログアウト後のページをログインページにする

SquirrelMail Configuration : Read: config.php (1.4.0)
---------------------------------------------------------
Organization Preferences
1.  Organization Name      : SquirrelMail
2.  Organization Logo      : ../images/sm_logo.png
3.  Org. Logo Width/Height : (308/111)
4.  Organization Title     : SquirrelMail $version
5.  Signout Page           : /webmail
6.  Top Frame              : _top
7.  Provider link          : http://squirrelmail.org/
8.  Provider name          : SquirrelMail

R   Return to Main Menu
C   Turn color on
S   Save data
Q   Quit

Command >>
r
 
# メインメニューに戻る

SquirrelMail Configuration : Read: config.php (1.4.0)
---------------------------------------------------------
Main Menu --
1.  Organization Preferences
2.  Server Settings
3.  Folder Defaults
4.  General Options
5.  Themes
6.  Address Books
7.  Message of the Day (MOTD)
8.  Plugins
9.  Database
10. Languages

D.  Set pre-defined settings for specific IMAP servers

C   Turn color on
S   Save data
Q   Quit

Command >>
2
 
# 選択

SquirrelMail Configuration : Read: config.php (1.4.0)
---------------------------------------------------------
Server Settings

General
-------
1.  Domain                 : trim(implode('', file('/etc/'.(file_exists('/etc/mailname')?'mail':'host').'name')))
2.  Invert Time            : false
3.  Sendmail or SMTP       : SMTP

A.  Update IMAP Settings   : localhost:143 (other)
B.  Update SMTP Settings   : localhost:25

R   Return to Main Menu
C   Turn color on
S   Save data
Q   Quit

Command >>
1
 
# ドメイン名変更


The domain name is the suffix at the end of all email addresses.  If
for example, your email address is jdoe@example.com, then your domain
would be example.com.

[trim(implode('', file('/etc/'.(file_exists('/etc/mailname')?'mail':'host').'name')))]:
srv.world
 
# ドメイン名入力

SquirrelMail Configuration : Read: config.php (1.4.0)
---------------------------------------------------------
Server Settings

General
-------
1.  Domain                 : srv.world
2.  Invert Time            : false
3.  Sendmail or SMTP       : SMTP

A.  Update IMAP Settings   : localhost:143 (other)
B.  Update SMTP Settings   : localhost:25

R   Return to Main Menu
C   Turn color on
S   Save data
Q   Quit

Command >>
A
 
# 選択

SquirrelMail Configuration : Read: config.php (1.4.0)
---------------------------------------------------------
Server Settings

General
-------
1.  Domain                 : srv.world
2.  Invert Time            : false
3.  Sendmail or SMTP       : SMTP

IMAP Settings
--------------
4.  IMAP Server            : localhost
5.  IMAP Port              : 143
6.  Authentication type    : login
7.  Secure IMAP (TLS)      : false
8.  Server software        : other
9.  Delimiter              : detect

B.  Update SMTP Settings   : localhost:25
H.  Hide IMAP Server Settings

R   Return to Main Menu
C   Turn color on
S   Save data
Q   Quit

Command >>
4
 
# 選択
This is the hostname where your IMAP server can be contacted.
[localhost]:
mail.srv.world
 
# IMAPサーバー指定

SquirrelMail Configuration : Read: config.php (1.4.0)
---------------------------------------------------------
Server Settings

General
-------
1.  Domain                 : srv.world
2.  Invert Time            : false
3.  Sendmail or SMTP       : SMTP

IMAP Settings
--------------
4.  IMAP Server            : mail.srv.world
5.  IMAP Port              : 143
6.  Authentication type    : login
7.  Secure IMAP (TLS)      : false
8.  Server software        : other
9.  Delimiter              : detect

B.  Update SMTP Settings   : localhost:25
H.  Hide IMAP Server Settings

R   Return to Main Menu
C   Turn color on
S   Save data
Q   Quit

Command >>
8
 
# 選択
Each IMAP server has its own quirks.  As much as we tried to stick
to standards, it doesn't help much if the IMAP server doesn't follow
the same principles.  We have made some work-arounds for some of
these servers.  If you would like to use them, please select your
IMAP server.  If you do not wish to use these work-arounds, you can
set this to "other", and none will be used.
    bincimap    = Binc IMAP server
    courier     = Courier IMAP server
    cyrus       = Cyrus IMAP server
    dovecot     = Dovecot Secure IMAP server
    exchange    = Microsoft Exchange IMAP server
    hmailserver = hMailServer
    macosx      = Mac OS X Mailserver
    mercury32   = Mercury/32
    uw          = University of Washington's IMAP server
    gmail       = IMAP access to Google mail (Gmail) accounts
    other       = Not one of the above servers
[other]:
dovecot
 
# Dovecot選択

SquirrelMail Configuration : Read: config.php (1.4.0)
---------------------------------------------------------
Server Settings

General
-------
1.  Domain                 : srv.world
2.  Invert Time            : false
3.  Sendmail or SMTP       : SMTP

IMAP Settings
--------------
4.  IMAP Server            : mail.srv.world
5.  IMAP Port              : 143
6.  Authentication type    : login
7.  Secure IMAP (TLS)      : false
8.  Server software        : dovecot
9.  Delimiter              : detect

B.  Update SMTP Settings   : localhost:25
H.  Hide IMAP Server Settings

R   Return to Main Menu
C   Turn color on
S   Save data
Q   Quit

Command >>
B
 
# 選択

SquirrelMail Configuration : Read: config.php (1.4.0)
---------------------------------------------------------
Server Settings

General
-------
1.  Domain                 : srv.world
2.  Invert Time            : false
3.  Sendmail or SMTP       : SMTP

SMTP Settings
-------------
4.   SMTP Server           : localhost
5.   SMTP Port             : 25
6.   POP before SMTP       : false
7.   SMTP Authentication   : none
8.   Secure SMTP (TLS)     : false
9.   Header encryption key :

A.  Update IMAP Settings   : mail.srv.world:143 (dovecot)
H.  Hide SMTP Settings

R   Return to Main Menu
C   Turn color on
S   Save data
Q   Quit

Command >>
4
 
# 選択
This is the hostname of your SMTP server.
[localhost]:
mail.srv.world
 
# SMTPサーバー指定

SquirrelMail Configuration : Read: config.php (1.4.0)
---------------------------------------------------------
Server Settings

General
-------
1.  Domain                 : srv.world
2.  Invert Time            : false
3.  Sendmail or SMTP       : SMTP

SMTP Settings
-------------
4.   SMTP Server           : mail.srv.world
5.   SMTP Port             : 25
6.   POP before SMTP       : false
7.   SMTP Authentication   : none
8.   Secure SMTP (TLS)     : false
9.   Header encryption key :

A.  Update IMAP Settings   : mail.srv.world:143 (dovecot)
H.  Hide SMTP Settings

R   Return to Main Menu
C   Turn color on
S   Save data
Q   Quit

Command >>
7
 
# 選択
If you have already set the hostname and port number, I can try to
automatically detect the mechanisms your SMTP server supports.
Auto-detection is *optional* - you can safely say "n" here.

Try to detect auth mechanisms? [y/N]:
y
 
# yes (自動検出)

Trying to detect supported methods (SMTP)...
Testing none:           SUPPORTED
Testing login:          SUPPORTED
Testing plain:          SUPPORTED
Testing CRAM-MD5:       NOT SUPPORTED
Testing DIGEST-MD5:     NOT SUPPORTED

What authentication mechanism do you want to use for SMTP connections?
none - Your SMTP server does not require authorization.
login - Plaintext. If you can do better, you probably should.
plain - Plaintext. If you can do better, you probably should.
cram-md5 - Slightly better than plaintext.
digest-md5 - Privacy protection - better than cram-md5.

*** YOUR SMTP SERVER MUST SUPPORT THE MECHANISM YOU CHOOSE HERE ***
If you don't understand or are unsure, you probably want "none"

none, login, cram-md5, or digest-md5 [none]:
login
 
# login選択

SMTP authentication uses IMAP username and password by default.

Would you like to use other login and password for all SquirrelMail
SMTP connections? [y/N]:
n

SquirrelMail Configuration : Read: config.php (1.4.0)
---------------------------------------------------------
Server Settings

General
-------
1.  Domain                 : srv.world
2.  Invert Time            : false
3.  Sendmail or SMTP       : SMTP

SMTP Settings
-------------
4.   SMTP Server           : mail.srv.world
5.   SMTP Port             : 25
6.   POP before SMTP       : false
7.   SMTP Authentication   : login (with IMAP username and password)
8.   Secure SMTP (TLS)     : false
9.   Header encryption key :

A.  Update IMAP Settings   : mail.srv.world:143 (dovecot)
H.  Hide SMTP Settings

R   Return to Main Menu
C   Turn color on
S   Save data
Q   Quit

Command >>
r
 
# メインメニューに戻る

SquirrelMail Configuration : Read: config.php (1.4.0)
---------------------------------------------------------
Main Menu --
1.  Organization Preferences
2.  Server Settings
3.  Folder Defaults
4.  General Options
5.  Themes
6.  Address Books
7.  Message of the Day (MOTD)
8.  Plugins
9.  Database
10. Languages

D.  Set pre-defined settings for specific IMAP servers

C   Turn color on
S   Save data
Q   Quit

Command >>
10
 
# 選択

SquirrelMail Configuration : Read: config.php (1.4.0)
---------------------------------------------------------
Language preferences
1.  Default Language       : en_US
2.  Default Charset        : iso-8859-1
3.  Enable lossy encoding  : false

R   Return to Main Menu
C   Turn color on
S   Save data
Q   Quit

Command >>
1
 
# 選択
SquirrelMail attempts to set the language in many ways.  If it
can not figure it out in another way, it will default to this
language.  Please use the code for the desired language.

[en_US]:
ja_JP
 
# 日本語指定

SquirrelMail Configuration : Read: config.php (1.4.0)
---------------------------------------------------------
Language preferences
1.  Default Language       : ja_JP
2.  Default Charset        : iso-8859-1
3.  Enable lossy encoding  : false

R   Return to Main Menu
C   Turn color on
S   Save data
Q   Quit

Command >>
2
 
# 選択
This option controls what character set is used when sending
mail and when sending HTML to the browser.

This option is used only when default language is 'en_US'.

[iso-8859-1]:
iso-2022-jp
 
# 日本語指定

SquirrelMail Configuration : Read: config.php (1.4.0)
---------------------------------------------------------
Language preferences
1.  Default Language       : ja_JP
2.  Default Charset        : iso-2022-jp
3.  Enable lossy encoding  : false

R   Return to Main Menu
C   Turn color on
S   Save data
Q   Quit

Command >>
r
 
# メインメニューに戻る

SquirrelMail Configuration : Read: config.php (1.4.0)
---------------------------------------------------------
Main Menu --
1.  Organization Preferences
2.  Server Settings
3.  Folder Defaults
4.  General Options
5.  Themes
6.  Address Books
7.  Message of the Day (MOTD)
8.  Plugins
9.  Database
10. Languages

D.  Set pre-defined settings for specific IMAP servers

C   Turn color on
S   Save data
Q   Quit

Command >>
4
 
# 選択

SquirrelMail Configuration : Read: config.php (1.4.0)
---------------------------------------------------------
General Options
1.  Data Directory               : /var/lib/squirrelmail/data/
2.  Attachment Directory         : /var/spool/squirrelmail/attach/
3.  Directory Hash Level         : 0
4.  Default Left Size            : 150
5.  Usernames in Lowercase       : false
6.  Allow use of priority        : true
7.  Hide SM attributions         : false
8.  Allow use of receipts        : true
9.  Allow editing of identity    : true
    Allow editing of name        : true
    Remove username from header  : false
10. Allow server thread sort     : false
11. Allow server-side sorting    : false
12. Allow server charset search  : true
13. Enable UID support           : true
14. PHP session name             : SQMSESSID
15. Location base                :
16. Only secure cookies if poss. : true
17. Disable secure forms         : false
18. Page referal requirement     :
19. Browser rendering mode       : quirks

R   Return to Main Menu
C   Turn color on
S   Save data
Q   Quit

Command >>
7
 
# 選択

Hide SM attributions (y/n) [n]:
y
 
# Yes

SquirrelMail Configuration : Read: config.php (1.4.0)
---------------------------------------------------------
General Options
1.  Data Directory               : /var/lib/squirrelmail/data/
2.  Attachment Directory         : /var/spool/squirrelmail/attach/
3.  Directory Hash Level         : 0
4.  Default Left Size            : 150
5.  Usernames in Lowercase       : false
6.  Allow use of priority        : true
7.  Hide SM attributions         : true
8.  Allow use of receipts        : true
9.  Allow editing of identity    : true
    Allow editing of name        : true
    Remove username from header  : false
10. Allow server thread sort     : false
11. Allow server-side sorting    : false
12. Allow server charset search  : true
13. Enable UID support           : true
14. PHP session name             : SQMSESSID
15. Location base                :
16. Only secure cookies if poss. : true
17. Disable secure forms         : false
18. Page referal requirement     :
19. Browser rendering mode       : quirks

R   Return to Main Menu
C   Turn color on
S   Save data
Q   Quit

Command >>
r
 
# メインメニューに戻る

SquirrelMail Configuration : Read: config.php (1.4.0)
---------------------------------------------------------
Main Menu --
1.  Organization Preferences
2.  Server Settings
3.  Folder Defaults
4.  General Options
5.  Themes
6.  Address Books
7.  Message of the Day (MOTD)
8.  Plugins
9.  Database
10. Languages

D.  Set pre-defined settings for specific IMAP servers

C   Turn color on
S   Save data
Q   Quit

Command >>
8
 
# 選択

SquirrelMail Configuration : Read: config.php (1.4.0)
---------------------------------------------------------
Plugins
  Installed Plugins
    1. secure_login
    2. view_as_html

  Available Plugins:
    3. administrator
    4. bug_report
    5. calendar
    6. compatibility
    7. delete_move_next
    8. demo
    9. filters
    10. fortune
    11. info
    12. listcommands
    13. mail_fetch
    14. message_details
    15. newmail
    16. sent_subfolders
    17. spamcop
    18. squirrelspell
    19. test
    20. translate

R   Return to Main Menu
C   Turn color on
S   Save data
Q   Quit

Command >>
7
 
# delete_move_next 追加(番号は環境によって変化)

SquirrelMail Configuration : Read: config.php (1.4.0)
---------------------------------------------------------
Plugins
  Installed Plugins
    1. secure_login
    2. view_as_html
    3. delete_move_next

  Available Plugins:
    4. administrator
    5. bug_report
    6. calendar
    7. compatibility
    8. demo
    9. filters
    10. fortune
    11. info
    12. listcommands
    13. mail_fetch
    14. message_details
    15. newmail
    16. sent_subfolders
    17. spamcop
    18. squirrelspell
    19. test
    20. translate

R   Return to Main Menu
C   Turn color on
S   Save data
Q   Quit

Command >>
15
 
# newmail 追加(番号は環境によって変化)

SquirrelMail Configuration : Read: config.php (1.4.0)
---------------------------------------------------------
Plugins
  Installed Plugins
    1. secure_login
    2. view_as_html
    3. delete_move_next
    4. newmail

  Available Plugins:
    5. administrator
    6. bug_report
    7. calendar
    8. compatibility
    9. demo
    10. filters
    11. fortune
    12. info
    13. listcommands
    14. mail_fetch
    15. message_details
    16. sent_subfolders
    17. spamcop
    18. squirrelspell
    19. test
    20. translate

R   Return to Main Menu
C   Turn color on
S   Save data
Q   Quit

Command >>
8
 
# compatibility 追加(番号は環境によって変化)

SquirrelMail Configuration : Read: config.php (1.4.0)
---------------------------------------------------------
Plugins
  Installed Plugins
    1. secure_login
    2. view_as_html
    3. delete_move_next
    4. newmail
    5. compatibility

  Available Plugins:
    6. administrator
    7. bug_report
    8. calendar
    9. demo
    10. filters
    11. fortune
    12. info
    13. listcommands
    14. mail_fetch
    15. message_details
    16. sent_subfolders
    17. spamcop
    18. squirrelspell
    19. test
    20. translate

R   Return to Main Menu
C   Turn color on
S   Save data
Q   Quit

Command >>
q
 
# 終了
You have not saved your data.
Save? [Y/n]:
y
 
# 保存する

Data saved in config.php

Exiting conf.pl.
You might want to test your configuration by browsing to
http://your-squirrelmail-location/src/configtest.php
Happy SquirrelMailing!

root@www:~#
vi /etc/apache2/conf.d/SquirrelMail.conf
# 新規作成

Alias /webmail /usr/share/squirrelmail
<Location /webmail>
    Order Deny,Allow
    Deny from all
    Allow from 127.0.0.1 10.0.0.0/24    
# アクセス許可IP

</Location>
root@www:~#
/etc/init.d/apache2 restart

Restarting web server: apache2 ... waiting .
# 画面表示自体も日本語にするなら日本語環境 ( ja_JP.EUC-JP ) にする必要があります

[2] ブラウザから「https://(サーバーのホスト名)/webmail/」にアクセスします。すると 以下のようにログイン画面になるのでユーザー名とパスワードを入力してログインします。
[3] ログインできました。
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