Ubuntu 22.04
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OpenStack Zed : Cinder 設定 (Control ノード)
2022/10/07
 
OpenStack Block Storage(Cinder)をインストールします。
当例では以下のような環境を例に Cinder サービスをインストールします。
------------+-----------------------------+-----------------------------+------------
            |                             |                             |
        eth0|10.0.0.30                eth0|10.0.0.50                eth0|10.0.0.51
+-----------+-----------+     +-----------+-----------+     +-----------+-----------+
|   [ dlp.srv.world ]   |     | [ network.srv.world ] |     |  [ node01.srv.world ] |
|     (Control Node)    |     |     (Network Node)    |     |     (Compute Node)    |
|                       |     |                       |     |                       |
|  MariaDB    RabbitMQ  |     |      Open vSwitch     |     |        Libvirt        |
|  Memcached  Nginx     |     |     Neutron Server    |     |      Nova Compute     |
|  Keystone   httpd     |     |      OVN-Northd       |     |      Open vSwitch     |
|  Glance     Nova API  |     |         Nginx         |     |   OVN Metadata Agent  |
|  Cinder API           |     |     Cinder Volume     |     |     OVN-Controller    |
+-----------------------+     +-----------------------+     +-----------------------+

[1] Control ノードの Keystone に Cinder 用のユーザー等々を登録しておきます。
# [service] プロジェクト所属で [cinder] ユーザーを作成

root@dlp ~(keystone)#
openstack user create --domain default --project service --password servicepassword cinder

+---------------------+----------------------------------+
| Field               | Value                            |
+---------------------+----------------------------------+
| default_project_id  | ee51c09c765e4a4d958c2bcc4dbb5665 |
| domain_id           | default                          |
| enabled             | True                             |
| id                  | 3042ebda5502448097dd0bbbe3058812 |
| name                | cinder                           |
| options             | {}                               |
| password_expires_at | None                             |
+---------------------+----------------------------------+

# [cinder] ユーザーを [admin] ロール に加える

root@dlp ~(keystone)#
openstack role add --project service --user cinder admin
# [cinder] 用サービスエントリ作成

root@dlp ~(keystone)#
openstack service create --name cinderv3 --description "OpenStack Block Storage" volumev3

+-------------+----------------------------------+
| Field       | Value                            |
+-------------+----------------------------------+
| description | OpenStack Block Storage          |
| enabled     | True                             |
| id          | 1cfc3bb855604846aad64bfc33a77ce4 |
| name        | cinderv3                         |
| type        | volumev3                         |
+-------------+----------------------------------+

# Cinder API ホストを定義

root@dlp ~(keystone)#
export controller=dlp.srv.world
# [cinder] 用エンドポイント作成 (public)

root@dlp ~(keystone)#
openstack endpoint create --region RegionOne volumev3 public https://$controller:8776/v3/%\(tenant_id\)s

+--------------+---------------------------------------------+
| Field        | Value                                       |
+--------------+---------------------------------------------+
| enabled      | True                                        |
| id           | 7ad25be842244960a95c4c45275f040c            |
| interface    | public                                      |
| region       | RegionOne                                   |
| region_id    | RegionOne                                   |
| service_id   | 1cfc3bb855604846aad64bfc33a77ce4            |
| service_name | cinderv3                                    |
| service_type | volumev3                                    |
| url          | https://dlp.srv.world:8776/v3/%(tenant_id)s |
+--------------+---------------------------------------------+

# [cinder] 用エンドポイント作成 (internal)

root@dlp ~(keystone)#
openstack endpoint create --region RegionOne volumev3 internal https://$controller:8776/v3/%\(tenant_id\)s

+--------------+---------------------------------------------+
| Field        | Value                                       |
+--------------+---------------------------------------------+
| enabled      | True                                        |
| id           | d5448bac80354502996a8e0fa3588911            |
| interface    | internal                                    |
| region       | RegionOne                                   |
| region_id    | RegionOne                                   |
| service_id   | 1cfc3bb855604846aad64bfc33a77ce4            |
| service_name | cinderv3                                    |
| service_type | volumev3                                    |
| url          | https://dlp.srv.world:8776/v3/%(tenant_id)s |
+--------------+---------------------------------------------+

# [cinder] 用エンドポイント作成 (admin)

root@dlp ~(keystone)#
openstack endpoint create --region RegionOne volumev3 admin https://$controller:8776/v3/%\(tenant_id\)s

+--------------+---------------------------------------------+
| Field        | Value                                       |
+--------------+---------------------------------------------+
| enabled      | True                                        |
| id           | 03b84ad3e0db4b7e991ebc4e8cb87e9b            |
| interface    | admin                                       |
| region       | RegionOne                                   |
| region_id    | RegionOne                                   |
| service_id   | 1cfc3bb855604846aad64bfc33a77ce4            |
| service_name | cinderv3                                    |
| service_type | volumev3                                    |
| url          | https://dlp.srv.world:8776/v3/%(tenant_id)s |
+--------------+---------------------------------------------+
[2] Cinder 用のユーザーとデータベースを MariaDB に作成しておきます。
root@dlp ~(keystone)#
mysql

Welcome to the MariaDB monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MariaDB connection id is 96
Server version: 10.6.7-MariaDB-2ubuntu1.1 Ubuntu 22.04

Copyright (c) 2000, 2018, Oracle, MariaDB Corporation Ab and others.

Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.

MariaDB [(none)]> create database cinder; 
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.00 sec)

MariaDB [(none)]> grant all privileges on cinder.* to cinder@'localhost' identified by 'password'; 
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

MariaDB [(none)]> grant all privileges on cinder.* to cinder@'%' identified by 'password'; 
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

MariaDB [(none)]> flush privileges; 
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

MariaDB [(none)]> exit 
Bye
[3] Cinder サービスをインストールします。
root@dlp ~(keystone)#
apt -y install cinder-api cinder-scheduler python3-cinderclient
[4] Cinder の基本設定です。
root@dlp ~(keystone)#
mv /etc/cinder/cinder.conf /etc/cinder/cinder.conf.org

root@dlp ~(keystone)#
vi /etc/cinder/cinder.conf
# 新規作成

[DEFAULT]
rootwrap_config = /etc/cinder/rootwrap.conf
api_paste_confg = /etc/cinder/api-paste.ini
state_path = /var/lib/cinder
auth_strategy = keystone
# RabbitMQ 接続情報
transport_url = rabbit://openstack:password@dlp.srv.world
enable_v3_api = True

# MariaDB 接続情報
[database]
connection = mysql+pymysql://cinder:password@dlp.srv.world/cinder

# Keystone 認証情報
[keystone_authtoken]
www_authenticate_uri = https://dlp.srv.world:5000
auth_url = https://dlp.srv.world:5000
memcached_servers = dlp.srv.world:11211
auth_type = password
project_domain_name = default
user_domain_name = default
project_name = service
username = cinder
password = servicepassword
# Apache2 Keystone で自己署名の証明書を使用の場合は [true]
insecure = false

[oslo_concurrency]
lock_path = $state_path/tmp

root@dlp ~(keystone)#
chmod 640 /etc/cinder/cinder.conf

root@dlp ~(keystone)#
chgrp cinder /etc/cinder/cinder.conf
root@dlp ~(keystone)#
vi /etc/apache2/conf-available/cinder-wsgi.conf
# 1行目 : 変更

Listen
127.0.0.1:8776
[5] Nginx にプロキシの設定をします。
root@dlp ~(keystone)#
vi /etc/nginx/nginx.conf
# [stream] セクション内に追記

stream {
    upstream glance-api {
        server 127.0.0.1:9292;
    }
    server {
        listen 10.0.0.30:9292 ssl;
        proxy_pass glance-api;
    }
    upstream nova-api {
        server 127.0.0.1:8774;
    }
    server {
        listen 10.0.0.30:8774 ssl;
        proxy_pass nova-api;
    }
    upstream nova-metadata-api {
        server 127.0.0.1:8775;
    }
    server {
        listen 10.0.0.30:8775 ssl;
        proxy_pass nova-metadata-api;
    }
    upstream placement-api {
        server 127.0.0.1:8778;
    }
    server {
        listen 10.0.0.30:8778 ssl;
        proxy_pass placement-api;
    }
    upstream novncproxy {
        server 127.0.0.1:6080;
    }
    server {
        listen 10.0.0.30:6080 ssl;
        proxy_pass novncproxy;
    }
    upstream cinder-api {
        server 127.0.0.1:8776;
    }
    server {
        listen 10.0.0.30:8776 ssl;
        proxy_pass cinder-api;
    }
    ssl_certificate "/etc/letsencrypt/live/dlp.srv.world/fullchain.pem";
    ssl_certificate_key "/etc/letsencrypt/live/dlp.srv.world/privkey.pem";
}
[6] データベースにデータを追加して Cinder サービスを起動します。
root@dlp ~(keystone)#
su -s /bin/bash cinder -c "cinder-manage db sync"

root@dlp ~(keystone)#
systemctl restart cinder-scheduler apache2 nginx

root@dlp ~(keystone)#
systemctl enable cinder-scheduler
# 環境変数を設定

root@dlp ~(keystone)#
echo "export OS_VOLUME_API_VERSION=3" >> ~/keystonerc

root@dlp ~(keystone)#
source ~/keystonerc
# 動作確認

root@dlp ~(keystone)#
openstack volume service list

+------------------+---------------+------+---------+-------+----------------------------+
| Binary           | Host          | Zone | Status  | State | Updated At                 |
+------------------+---------------+------+---------+-------+----------------------------+
| cinder-scheduler | dlp.srv.world | nova | enabled | up    | 2022-10-07T07:43:59.000000 |
+------------------+---------------+------+---------+-------+----------------------------+
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