Ubuntu 22.04
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OpenStack Yoga : インスタンスを起動する
2022/04/29
 
仮想マシンインスタンスを起動します。
[1] Openstack を利用したい任意のユーザーでログインし、Openstack 認証用の設定ファイルを作成して、仮想マシンインスタンスを作成/起動します。
認証ファイル中のプロジェクト名やユーザー名/パスワードは Keystone に登録したものを指定します
ubuntu@dlp:~$
vi ~/keystonerc
export OS_PROJECT_DOMAIN_NAME=default
export OS_USER_DOMAIN_NAME=default
export OS_PROJECT_NAME=hiroshima
export OS_USERNAME=serverworld
export OS_PASSWORD=userpassword
export OS_AUTH_URL=https://dlp.srv.world:5000/v3
export OS_IDENTITY_API_VERSION=3
export OS_IMAGE_API_VERSION=2
export PS1='\u@\h \W(keystone)\$ '
ubuntu@dlp:~$
chmod 600 ~/keystonerc

ubuntu@dlp:~$
source ~/keystonerc

ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
echo "source ~/keystonerc " >> ~/.bash_profile
# 利用可能な [flavor] 確認

ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack flavor list

+----+----------+------+------+-----------+-------+-----------+
| ID | Name     |  RAM | Disk | Ephemeral | VCPUs | Is Public |
+----+----------+------+------+-----------+-------+-----------+
| 0  | m1.small | 2048 |   10 |         0 |     1 | True      |
+----+----------+------+------+-----------+-------+-----------+

# 利用可能なイメージ確認

ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack image list

+--------------------------------------+------------+--------+
| ID                                   | Name       | Status |
+--------------------------------------+------------+--------+
| 70f856cc-6f3a-4cc3-b576-53f829a6d714 | Ubuntu2204 | active |
+--------------------------------------+------------+--------+

# 利用可能なネットワーク確認

ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack network list

+--------------------------------------+------------+--------------------------------------+
| ID                                   | Name       | Subnets                              |
+--------------------------------------+------------+--------------------------------------+
| 26ede8d3-2d7b-4ca4-890e-91baa511cb23 | sharednet1 | 5c5f9c00-56a6-47dd-a4fb-00635b96b625 |
+--------------------------------------+------------+--------------------------------------+

# インスタンス用のセキュリティグループを作成

ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack security group create secgroup01

+-----------------+---------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| Field           | Value                                                                     |
+-----------------+---------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| created_at      | 2022-04-29T05:58:16Z                                                      |
| description     | secgroup01                                                                |
| id              | e2db9ce5-fdff-43f8-bec8-601074d64483                                      |
| name            | secgroup01                                                                |
| project_id      | 66102fdb888d4556a59dcff8b631ffdf                                          |
| revision_number | 1                                                                         |
| rules           | created_at='2022-04-29T05:58:16Z', direction='egress', ethertype='IPv4... |
|                 | created_at='2022-04-29T05:58:16Z', direction='egress', ethertype='IPv6... |
| stateful        | True                                                                      |
| tags            | []                                                                        |
| updated_at      | 2022-04-29T05:58:16Z                                                      |
+-----------------+---------------------------------------------------------------------------+

ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack security group list

+--------------------------------------+------------+------------------------+----------------------------------+------+
| ID                                   | Name       | Description            | Project                          | Tags |
+--------------------------------------+------------+------------------------+----------------------------------+------+
| 6246af22-c6a0-44f8-9727-660ff794f94c | default    | Default security group | 66102fdb888d4556a59dcff8b631ffdf | []   |
| e2db9ce5-fdff-43f8-bec8-601074d64483 | secgroup01 | secgroup01             | 66102fdb888d4556a59dcff8b631ffdf | []   |
+--------------------------------------+------------+------------------------+----------------------------------+------+

# インスタンス接続用の SSH キーペア作成

ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
ssh-keygen -q -N ""

Enter file in which to save the key (/home/ubuntu/.ssh/id_rsa):
# 公開鍵登録

ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack keypair create --public-key ~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub mykey

+-------------+-------------------------------------------------+
| Field       | Value                                           |
+-------------+-------------------------------------------------+
| created_at  | None                                            |
| fingerprint | c5:70:c6:06:af:7d:e2:3a:26:e3:87:21:67:cf:db:50 |
| id          | mykey                                           |
| is_deleted  | None                                            |
| name        | mykey                                           |
| type        | ssh                                             |
| user_id     | 74a373164921492ca35d32fea0fd2d86                |
+-------------+-------------------------------------------------+

ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack keypair list

+-------+-------------------------------------------------+------+
| Name  | Fingerprint                                     | Type |
+-------+-------------------------------------------------+------+
| mykey | c5:70:c6:06:af:7d:e2:3a:26:e3:87:21:67:cf:db:50 | ssh  |
+-------+-------------------------------------------------+------+

ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
netID=$(openstack network list | grep sharednet1 | awk '{ print $2 }')

# インスタンス作成/起動

ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack server create --flavor m1.small --image Ubuntu2204 --security-group secgroup01 --nic net-id=$netID --key-name mykey Ubuntu-2204
+-----------------------------+---------------------------------------------------+
| Field                       | Value                                             |
+-----------------------------+---------------------------------------------------+
| OS-DCF:diskConfig           | MANUAL                                            |
| OS-EXT-AZ:availability_zone |                                                   |
| OS-EXT-STS:power_state      | NOSTATE                                           |
| OS-EXT-STS:task_state       | scheduling                                        |
| OS-EXT-STS:vm_state         | building                                          |
| OS-SRV-USG:launched_at      | None                                              |
| OS-SRV-USG:terminated_at    | None                                              |
| accessIPv4                  |                                                   |
| accessIPv6                  |                                                   |
| addresses                   |                                                   |
| adminPass                   | 2F5sx8ZZsx7o                                      |
| config_drive                |                                                   |
| created                     | 2022-04-29T05:59:59Z                              |
| flavor                      | m1.small (0)                                      |
| hostId                      |                                                   |
| id                          | 770bd30c-9e9f-448c-8916-0bbc37027b84              |
| image                       | Ubuntu2204 (70f856cc-6f3a-4cc3-b576-53f829a6d714) |
| key_name                    | mykey                                             |
| name                        | Ubuntu-2204                                       |
| progress                    | 0                                                 |
| project_id                  | 66102fdb888d4556a59dcff8b631ffdf                  |
| properties                  |                                                   |
| security_groups             | name='e2db9ce5-fdff-43f8-bec8-601074d64483'       |
| status                      | BUILD                                             |
| updated                     | 2022-04-29T05:59:59Z                              |
| user_id                     | 74a373164921492ca35d32fea0fd2d86                  |
| volumes_attached            |                                                   |
+-----------------------------+---------------------------------------------------+

# 動作確認 (起動直後しばらくは [BUILD] ステータスとなっている)

ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack server list

+--------------------------------------+-------------+--------+----------+------------+----------+
| ID                                   | Name        | Status | Networks | Image      | Flavor   |
+--------------------------------------+-------------+--------+----------+------------+----------+
| 770bd30c-9e9f-448c-8916-0bbc37027b84 | Ubuntu-2204 | BUILD  |          | Ubuntu2204 | m1.small |
+--------------------------------------+-------------+--------+----------+------------+----------+

# 正常に起動すると [ACTIVE] ステータスとなる

ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack server list

+--------------------------------------+-------------+--------+-----------------------+------------+----------+
| ID                                   | Name        | Status | Networks              | Image      | Flavor   |
+--------------------------------------+-------------+--------+-----------------------+------------+----------+
| 770bd30c-9e9f-448c-8916-0bbc37027b84 | Ubuntu-2204 | ACTIVE | sharednet1=10.0.0.231 | Ubuntu2204 | m1.small |
+--------------------------------------+-------------+--------+-----------------------+------------+----------+
[2] 起動した仮想マシンインスタンスに SSH 接続できるように、先に作成したセキュリティグループにポート許可の設定を追加します。
# ICMP 許可

ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack security group rule create --protocol icmp --ingress secgroup01

+-------------------------+--------------------------------------+
| Field                   | Value                                |
+-------------------------+--------------------------------------+
| created_at              | 2022-04-29T06:00:57Z                 |
| description             |                                      |
| direction               | ingress                              |
| ether_type              | IPv4                                 |
| id                      | 71341102-cc0a-4ca8-bb9c-6e44f3a94afb |
| name                    | None                                 |
| port_range_max          | None                                 |
| port_range_min          | None                                 |
| project_id              | 66102fdb888d4556a59dcff8b631ffdf     |
| protocol                | icmp                                 |
| remote_address_group_id | None                                 |
| remote_group_id         | None                                 |
| remote_ip_prefix        | 0.0.0.0/0                            |
| revision_number         | 0                                    |
| security_group_id       | e2db9ce5-fdff-43f8-bec8-601074d64483 |
| tags                    | []                                   |
| tenant_id               | 66102fdb888d4556a59dcff8b631ffdf     |
| updated_at              | 2022-04-29T06:00:57Z                 |
+-------------------------+--------------------------------------+

# SSH 許可

ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack security group rule create --protocol tcp --dst-port 22:22 secgroup01

+-------------------------+--------------------------------------+
| Field                   | Value                                |
+-------------------------+--------------------------------------+
| created_at              | 2022-04-29T06:01:17Z                 |
| description             |                                      |
| direction               | ingress                              |
| ether_type              | IPv4                                 |
| id                      | cde11885-898c-4e54-ac4a-f567b62b94ce |
| name                    | None                                 |
| port_range_max          | 22                                   |
| port_range_min          | 22                                   |
| project_id              | 66102fdb888d4556a59dcff8b631ffdf     |
| protocol                | tcp                                  |
| remote_address_group_id | None                                 |
| remote_group_id         | None                                 |
| remote_ip_prefix        | 0.0.0.0/0                            |
| revision_number         | 0                                    |
| security_group_id       | e2db9ce5-fdff-43f8-bec8-601074d64483 |
| tags                    | []                                   |
| tenant_id               | 66102fdb888d4556a59dcff8b631ffdf     |
| updated_at              | 2022-04-29T06:01:17Z                 |
+-------------------------+--------------------------------------+

ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack security group rule list secgroup01

+--------------------------------------+-------------+-----------+-----------+------------+-----------+-----------------------+----------------------+
| ID                                   | IP Protocol | Ethertype | IP Range  | Port Range | Direction | Remote Security Group | Remote Address Group |
+--------------------------------------+-------------+-----------+-----------+------------+-----------+-----------------------+----------------------+
| 71341102-cc0a-4ca8-bb9c-6e44f3a94afb | icmp        | IPv4      | 0.0.0.0/0 |            | ingress   | None                  | None                 |
| cde11885-898c-4e54-ac4a-f567b62b94ce | tcp         | IPv4      | 0.0.0.0/0 | 22:22      | ingress   | None                  | None                 |
| d8d584ea-9e93-42ff-92df-810ca6c7df60 | None        | IPv4      | 0.0.0.0/0 |            | egress    | None                  | None                 |
| e58bf701-1712-4b64-93a7-cedc3aabb1e8 | None        | IPv6      | ::/0      |            | egress    | None                  | None                 |
+--------------------------------------+-------------+-----------+-----------+------------+-----------+-----------------------+----------------------+
[3] 起動した仮想マシンインスタンスに SSH ログインします。
ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack server list

+--------------------------------------+-------------+--------+-----------------------+------------+----------+
| ID                                   | Name        | Status | Networks              | Image      | Flavor   |
+--------------------------------------+-------------+--------+-----------------------+------------+----------+
| 770bd30c-9e9f-448c-8916-0bbc37027b84 | Ubuntu-2204 | ACTIVE | sharednet1=10.0.0.231 | Ubuntu2204 | m1.small |
+--------------------------------------+-------------+--------+-----------------------+------------+----------+

# ping 応答が返ってくれば OK

ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
ping 10.0.0.231 -c3

PING 10.0.0.231 (10.0.0.231) 56(84) bytes of data.
64 bytes from 10.0.0.231: icmp_seq=1 ttl=64 time=2.38 ms
64 bytes from 10.0.0.231: icmp_seq=2 ttl=64 time=0.825 ms
64 bytes from 10.0.0.231: icmp_seq=3 ttl=64 time=0.513 ms

--- 10.0.0.231 ping statistics ---
3 packets transmitted, 3 received, 0% packet loss, time 2017ms
rtt min/avg/max/mdev = 0.513/1.239/2.380/0.816 ms

# SSH でログイン

ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
ssh ubuntu@10.0.0.231
The authenticity of host '10.0.0.231 (10.0.0.231)' can't be established.
ED25519 key fingerprint is SHA256:emSa7byfI53HfkJvvRsSfNi8elPG492D52vxfMmrXmQ.
This key is not known by any other names
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no/[fingerprint])? yes
Warning: Permanently added '10.0.0.231' (ED25519) to the list of known hosts.
Welcome to Ubuntu 22.04 LTS (GNU/Linux 5.15.0-25-generic x86_64)

.....
.....

To run a command as administrator (user "root"), use "sudo <command>".
See "man sudo_root" for details.

ubuntu@ubuntu-2204:~$     # ログインできた
[4] 一旦作成して起動した仮想マシンインスタンスを停止/起動する場合は、以下のように [start/stop] コマンドで制御できます。
ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack server list

+--------------------------------------+-------------+--------+-----------------------+------------+----------+
| ID                                   | Name        | Status | Networks              | Image      | Flavor   |
+--------------------------------------+-------------+--------+-----------------------+------------+----------+
| 770bd30c-9e9f-448c-8916-0bbc37027b84 | Ubuntu-2204 | ACTIVE | sharednet1=10.0.0.231 | Ubuntu2204 | m1.small |
+--------------------------------------+-------------+--------+-----------------------+------------+----------+

# インスタンス停止

ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack server stop Ubuntu-2004

ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack server list

+--------------------------------------+-------------+---------+-----------------------+------------+----------+
| ID                                   | Name        | Status  | Networks              | Image      | Flavor   |
+--------------------------------------+-------------+---------+-----------------------+------------+----------+
| 770bd30c-9e9f-448c-8916-0bbc37027b84 | Ubuntu-2204 | SHUTOFF | sharednet1=10.0.0.231 | Ubuntu2204 | m1.small |
+--------------------------------------+-------------+---------+-----------------------+------------+----------+

# インスタンスを起動する

ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack server start Ubuntu-2004

ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack server list

+--------------------------------------+-------------+--------+-----------------------+------------+----------+
| ID                                   | Name        | Status | Networks              | Image      | Flavor   |
+--------------------------------------+-------------+--------+-----------------------+------------+----------+
| 770bd30c-9e9f-448c-8916-0bbc37027b84 | Ubuntu-2204 | ACTIVE | sharednet1=10.0.0.231 | Ubuntu2204 | m1.small |
+--------------------------------------+-------------+--------+-----------------------+------------+----------+
[5] VNC コンソールを取得して Web ブラウザーでのアクセスも可能です。
ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack server list

+--------------------------------------+-------------+--------+-----------------------+------------+----------+
| ID                                   | Name        | Status | Networks              | Image      | Flavor   |
+--------------------------------------+-------------+--------+-----------------------+------------+----------+
| 770bd30c-9e9f-448c-8916-0bbc37027b84 | Ubuntu-2204 | ACTIVE | sharednet1=10.0.0.231 | Ubuntu2204 | m1.small |
+--------------------------------------+-------------+--------+-----------------------+------------+----------+

ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack console url show Ubuntu-2204

+----------+-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| Field    | Value                                                                                         |
+----------+-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| protocol | vnc                                                                                           |
| type     | novnc                                                                                         |
| url      | https://dlp.srv.world:6080/vnc_auto.html?path=%3Ftoken%3D337d040a-dc42-409a-a5b0-3c7838135466 |
+----------+-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
[6] 上記コマンドで表示された URL に Web アクセスすると、インスタンスに接続され、操作が可能となります。
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