Ubuntu 18.04
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OpenStack Rocky : Designate 利用方法
2018/09/18
 
OpenStack DNS Service(Designate)の利用方法です。
当例では以下のような環境を例に Designate をインストールしています。
------------+---------------------------+---------------------------+------------
            |                           |                           |
        eth0|10.0.0.30              eth0|10.0.0.50              eth0|10.0.0.51
+-----------+-----------+   +-----------+-----------+   +-----------+-----------+
|    [ Control Node ]   |   |    [ Network Node ]   |   |    [ Compute Node ]   |
|                       |   |                       |   |                       |
|  MariaDB    RabbitMQ  |   |      Linux Bridge     |   |        Libvirt        |
|  Memcached  httpd     |   |   L2 Agent L3 Agent   |   |     Nova Compute      |
|  Keystone   Glance    |   |     Metadata Agent    |   |      Linux Bridge     |
|  Nova API  Cinder API |   |     Cinder Volume     |   |        L2 Agent       |
|  Neutron Server       |   |        Heat API       |   |                       |
|  Metadata Agent       |   |      Heat Engine      |   |                       |
|                       |   |   Designate Services  |   |                       |
|                       |   |   named               |   |                       |
+-----------------------+   +-----------------------+   +-----------------------+

[1] Openstack システムを利用可能な任意のユーザーで認証して、DNS エントリを作成します。
作業は、どこでもよいですが、当例ではコントロールノード上で行います。
例として [server.education] の正引きゾーンを作成します。
ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack zone create --email dnsmaster@server.education server.education.

+----------------+--------------------------------------+
| Field          | Value                                |
+----------------+--------------------------------------+
| action         | CREATE                               |
| attributes     |                                      |
| created_at     | 2018-09-18T04:53:59.000000           |
| description    | None                                 |
| email          | dnsmaster@server.education           |
| id             | d839e982-25a1-438d-be53-4ad853324941 |
| masters        |                                      |
| name           | server.education.                    |
| pool_id        | 794ccc2c-d751-44fe-b57f-8894c9f5c842 |
| project_id     | 5f54b0ad76274f06b13f29458cc1c036     |
| serial         | 1537246439                           |
| status         | PENDING                              |
| transferred_at | None                                 |
| ttl            | 3600                                 |
| type           | PRIMARY                              |
| updated_at     | None                                 |
| version        | 1                                    |
+----------------+--------------------------------------+

# [status] が [ACTIVE] であれば OK

ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack zone list

+--------------------------------------+-------------------+---------+------------+--------+--------+
| id                                   | name              | type    |     serial | status | action |
+--------------------------------------+-------------------+---------+------------+--------+--------+
| d839e982-25a1-438d-be53-4ad853324941 | server.education. | PRIMARY | 1537246439 | ACTIVE | NONE   |
+--------------------------------------+-------------------+---------+------------+--------+--------+

# A レコードを登録する

ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack recordset create --record '192.168.100.10' --type A server.education. www

+-------------+--------------------------------------+
| Field       | Value                                |
+-------------+--------------------------------------+
| action      | CREATE                               |
| created_at  | 2018-09-18T04:54:34.000000           |
| description | None                                 |
| id          | 1d1437d4-952f-46b4-a347-a6307d19e140 |
| name        | www.server.education.                |
| project_id  | 5f54b0ad76274f06b13f29458cc1c036     |
| records     | 192.168.100.10                       |
| status      | PENDING                              |
| ttl         | None                                 |
| type        | A                                    |
| updated_at  | None                                 |
| version     | 1                                    |
| zone_id     | d839e982-25a1-438d-be53-4ad853324941 |
| zone_name   | server.education.                    |
+-------------+--------------------------------------+

# [status] が [ACTIVE] であれば OK

ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack recordset list server.education.

+--------------------------------------+-----------------------+------
| id                                   | name                  | type 
+--------------------------------------+-----------------------+------
| 784d13da-0c1d-49a8-b1a6-541d7a27589f | server.education.     | SOA  
| 270805a0-55d3-4d40-ba92-d5e5a0140930 | server.education.     | NS   
| 1d1437d4-952f-46b4-a347-a6307d19e140 | www.server.education. | A    
+--------------------------------------+-----------------------+------
+-------------------------------------------------------------------------------+--------+--------+
| records                                                                       | status | action |
+-------------------------------------------------------------------------------+--------+--------+
| network.srv.world. dnsmaster.server.education. 1537246474 3505 600 86400 3600 | ACTIVE | NONE   |
| network.srv.world.                                                            | ACTIVE | NONE   |
| 192.168.100.10                                                                | ACTIVE | NONE   |
+-------------------------------------------------------------------------------+--------+--------+

# 確認

ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
dig -p 5354 @network.srv.world www.server.education.

; <<>> DiG 9.11.3-1ubuntu1.1-Ubuntu <<>> -p 5354 @network.srv.world www.server.education.
; (1 server found)
;; global options: +cmd
;; Got answer:
;; ->>HEADER<<- opcode: QUERY, status: NOERROR, id: 37718
;; flags: qr aa rd; QUERY: 1, ANSWER: 1, AUTHORITY: 0, ADDITIONAL: 1
;; WARNING: recursion requested but not available

;; OPT PSEUDOSECTION:
; EDNS: version: 0, flags:; udp: 8192
;; QUESTION SECTION:
;www.server.education.          IN      A

;; ANSWER SECTION:
www.server.education.   3600    IN      A       192.168.100.10

;; Query time: 40 msec
;; SERVER: 10.0.0.50#5354(10.0.0.50)
;; WHEN: Tue Sep 18 19:55:14 JST 2018
;; MSG SIZE  rcvd: 65
[2] 例として [192.168.100.0/24] の逆引きゾーンを作成します。
ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack zone create --email dnsmaster@server.education 100.168.192.in-addr.arpa.

+----------------+--------------------------------------+
| Field          | Value                                |
+----------------+--------------------------------------+
| action         | CREATE                               |
| attributes     |                                      |
| created_at     | 2018-09-18T04:55:58.000000           |
| description    | None                                 |
| email          | dnsmaster@server.education           |
| id             | ef94c0b8-8415-4d09-8a1e-58b992fe6e39 |
| masters        |                                      |
| name           | 100.168.192.in-addr.arpa.            |
| pool_id        | 794ccc2c-d751-44fe-b57f-8894c9f5c842 |
| project_id     | 5f54b0ad76274f06b13f29458cc1c036     |
| serial         | 1537246558                           |
| status         | PENDING                              |
| transferred_at | None                                 |
| ttl            | 3600                                 |
| type           | PRIMARY                              |
| updated_at     | None                                 |
| version        | 1                                    |
+----------------+--------------------------------------+

# [status] が [ACTIVE] であれば OK

ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack zone list

+--------------------------------------+---------------------------+---------+------------+--------+--------+
| id                                   | name                      | type    |     serial | status | action |
+--------------------------------------+---------------------------+---------+------------+--------+--------+
| d839e982-25a1-438d-be53-4ad853324941 | server.education.         | PRIMARY | 1537246474 | ACTIVE | NONE   |
| ef94c0b8-8415-4d09-8a1e-58b992fe6e39 | 100.168.192.in-addr.arpa. | PRIMARY | 1537246558 | ACTIVE | NONE   |
+--------------------------------------+---------------------------+---------+------------+--------+--------+

# PTR レコードを登録する

ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack recordset create --record 'www.server.education.' --type PTR 100.168.192.in-addr.arpa. 10

+-------------+--------------------------------------+
| Field       | Value                                |
+-------------+--------------------------------------+
| action      | CREATE                               |
| created_at  | 2018-09-18T04:56:38.000000           |
| description | None                                 |
| id          | 1a5296d0-a3a6-480e-b16c-b745abc5a64d |
| name        | 10.100.168.192.in-addr.arpa.         |
| project_id  | 5f54b0ad76274f06b13f29458cc1c036     |
| records     | www.server.education.                |
| status      | PENDING                              |
| ttl         | None                                 |
| type        | PTR                                  |
| updated_at  | None                                 |
| version     | 1                                    |
| zone_id     | ef94c0b8-8415-4d09-8a1e-58b992fe6e39 |
| zone_name   | 100.168.192.in-addr.arpa.            |
+-------------+--------------------------------------+

# [status] が [ACTIVE] であれば OK

ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack recordset list 100.168.192.in-addr.arpa.

+--------------------------------------+------------------------------+------
| id                                   | name                         | type 
+--------------------------------------+------------------------------+------
| 4ec3fe9e-7eff-4373-984c-5fcd9dfde76f | 100.168.192.in-addr.arpa.    | NS   
| 88c20ebf-c689-44f1-976d-c5ae9b9dcb4e | 100.168.192.in-addr.arpa.    | SOA  
| 1a5296d0-a3a6-480e-b16c-b745abc5a64d | 10.100.168.192.in-addr.arpa. | PTR  
+--------------------------------------+------------------------------+------
+-------------------------------------------------------------------------------+--------+--------+
| records                                                                       | status | action |
+-------------------------------------------------------------------------------+--------+--------+
| network.srv.world.                                                            | ACTIVE | NONE   |
| network.srv.world. dnsmaster.server.education. 1537246598 3586 600 86400 3600 | ACTIVE | NONE   |
| www.server.education.                                                         | ACTIVE | NONE   |
+-------------------------------------------------------------------------------+--------+--------+

# 確認

ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
dig -p 5354 @network.srv.world -x 192.168.100.10

; <<>> DiG 9.11.3-1ubuntu1.1-Ubuntu <<>> -p 5354 @network.srv.world -x 192.168.100.10
; (1 server found)
;; global options: +cmd
;; Got answer:
;; ->>HEADER<<- opcode: QUERY, status: NOERROR, id: 36592
;; flags: qr aa rd; QUERY: 1, ANSWER: 1, AUTHORITY: 0, ADDITIONAL: 1
;; WARNING: recursion requested but not available

;; OPT PSEUDOSECTION:
; EDNS: version: 0, flags:; udp: 8192
;; QUESTION SECTION:
;10.100.168.192.in-addr.arpa.   IN      PTR

;; ANSWER SECTION:
10.100.168.192.in-addr.arpa. 3600 IN    PTR     www.server.education.

;; Query time: 27 msec
;; SERVER: 10.0.0.50#5354(10.0.0.50)
;; WHEN: Tue Sep 18 13:57:23 JST 2018
;; MSG SIZE  rcvd: 90
[3] レコードやゾーンを削除するには以下のように実行します。
ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack recordset list server.education.

+--------------------------------------+-----------------------+------
| id                                   | name                  | type 
+--------------------------------------+-----------------------+------
| 784d13da-0c1d-49a8-b1a6-541d7a27589f | server.education.     | SOA  
| 270805a0-55d3-4d40-ba92-d5e5a0140930 | server.education.     | NS   
| 1d1437d4-952f-46b4-a347-a6307d19e140 | www.server.education. | A    
+--------------------------------------+-----------------------+------
+-------------------------------------------------------------------------------+--------+--------+
| records                                                                       | status | action |
+-------------------------------------------------------------------------------+--------+--------+
| network.srv.world. dnsmaster.server.education. 1537246474 3505 600 86400 3600 | ACTIVE | NONE   |
| network.srv.world.                                                            | ACTIVE | NONE   |
| 192.168.100.10                                                                | ACTIVE | NONE   |
+-------------------------------------------------------------------------------+--------+--------+

# www レコードを削除する

ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack recordset delete server.education. www.server.education.

+-------------+--------------------------------------+
| Field       | Value                                |
+-------------+--------------------------------------+
| action      | DELETE                               |
| created_at  | 2018-09-18T04:54:34.000000           |
| description | None                                 |
| id          | 1d1437d4-952f-46b4-a347-a6307d19e140 |
| name        | www.server.education.                |
| project_id  | 5f54b0ad76274f06b13f29458cc1c036     |
| records     | 192.168.100.10                       |
| status      | PENDING                              |
| ttl         | None                                 |
| type        | A                                    |
| updated_at  | 2018-09-18T04:58:33.000000           |
| version     | 2                                    |
| zone_id     | d839e982-25a1-438d-be53-4ad853324941 |
| zone_name   | server.education.                    |
+-------------+--------------------------------------+

ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack recordset list server.education.

+--------------------------------------+-------------------+------
| id                                   | name              | type 
+--------------------------------------+-------------------+------
| 784d13da-0c1d-49a8-b1a6-541d7a27589f | server.education. | SOA  
| 270805a0-55d3-4d40-ba92-d5e5a0140930 | server.education. | NS   
+--------------------------------------+-------------------+------
+-------------------------------------------------------------------------------+--------+--------+
| records                                                                       | status | action |
+-------------------------------------------------------------------------------+--------+--------+
| network.srv.world. dnsmaster.server.education. 1537246713 3505 600 86400 3600 | ACTIVE | NONE   |
| network.srv.world.                                                            | ACTIVE | NONE   |
+-------------------------------------------------------------------------------+--------+--------+

ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack zone list

+--------------------------------------+---------------------------+---------+------------+--------+--------+
| id                                   | name                      | type    |     serial | status | action |
+--------------------------------------+---------------------------+---------+------------+--------+--------+
| d839e982-25a1-438d-be53-4ad853324941 | server.education.         | PRIMARY | 1537246713 | ACTIVE | NONE   |
| ef94c0b8-8415-4d09-8a1e-58b992fe6e39 | 100.168.192.in-addr.arpa. | PRIMARY | 1537246598 | ACTIVE | NONE   |
+--------------------------------------+---------------------------+---------+------------+--------+--------+

# server.education. ゾーンを削除する

ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack zone delete server.education.

+----------------+--------------------------------------+
| Field          | Value                                |
+----------------+--------------------------------------+
| action         | DELETE                               |
| attributes     |                                      |
| created_at     | 2018-09-18T04:53:59.000000           |
| description    | None                                 |
| email          | dnsmaster@server.education           |
| id             | d839e982-25a1-438d-be53-4ad853324941 |
| masters        |                                      |
| name           | server.education.                    |
| pool_id        | 794ccc2c-d751-44fe-b57f-8894c9f5c842 |
| project_id     | 5f54b0ad76274f06b13f29458cc1c036     |
| serial         | 1537246713                           |
| status         | PENDING                              |
| transferred_at | None                                 |
| ttl            | 3600                                 |
| type           | PRIMARY                              |
| updated_at     | 2018-09-18T04:59:33.000000           |
| version        | 7                                    |
+----------------+--------------------------------------+

ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack zone list

+--------------------------------------+---------------------------+---------+------------+--------+--------+
| id                                   | name                      | type    |     serial | status | action |
+--------------------------------------+---------------------------+---------+------------+--------+--------+
| ef94c0b8-8415-4d09-8a1e-58b992fe6e39 | 100.168.192.in-addr.arpa. | PRIMARY | 1537246598 | ACTIVE | NONE   |
+--------------------------------------+---------------------------+---------+------------+--------+--------+
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