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OpenStack Queens : OpenStack Rally
2018/03/25
 
OpenStack ベンチマークツール Rally をインストールします。
当例では以下のような環境を例に Rally をインストールします。
     ------------+---------------------------+---------------------------+------------
                 |                           |                           |
             eth0|10.0.0.30              eth0|10.0.0.50              eth0|10.0.0.51
     +-----------+-----------+   +-----------+-----------+   +-----------+-----------+
     |    [ Control Node ]   |   |    [ Storage Node ]   |   |    [ Compute Node ]   |
     |                       |   |                       |   |                       |
     |  MariaDB    RabbitMQ  |   |      Open_vSwitch     |   |        Libvirt        |
     |  Memcached  httpd     |   |        L2_Agent       |   |     Nova_Compute      |
     |  Keystone   Glance    |   |        L3_Agent       |   |      Open_vSwitch     |
     |  Nova_API  Cinder_API |   |     Metadata_Agent    |   |        L2_Agent       |
     |  Neutron_Server       |   |     Cinder_Volume     |   |  Ceilometer_Compute   |
     |  Metadata_Agent       |   |        Heat_API       |   |                       |
     |  Gnocchi              |   |      Heat Engine      |   |                       |
     |  Ceilometer_Central   |   |                       |   |                       |
     |  Rally                |   |                       |   |                       |
     +-----------------------+   +-----------------------+   +-----------------------+

[1] Rally 用のユーザーとデータベースを MariaDB に登録しておきます。
[root@dlp ~(keystone)]#
mysql -u root -p

Enter password:
Welcome to the MariaDB monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MariaDB connection id is 3913
Server version: 10.1.20-MariaDB MariaDB Server

Copyright (c) 2000, 2016, Oracle, MariaDB Corporation Ab and others.

Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.

MariaDB [(none)]>
create database rally;

Query OK, 1 row affected (0.00 sec)
MariaDB [(none)]>
grant all privileges on rally.* to rally@'localhost' identified by 'password';

Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)
MariaDB [(none)]>
grant all privileges on rally.* to rally@'%' identified by 'password';

Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)
MariaDB [(none)]>
flush privileges;

Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)
MariaDB [(none)]>
exit

Bye
[2] Rally をインストールします。
# Queens, EPEL からインストール

[root@dlp ~(keystone)]#
yum --enablerepo=centos-openstack-queens,epel -y install openstack-rally
[3] Rally の基本設定です。
[root@dlp ~(keystone)]#
vi /etc/rally/rally.conf
# 32行目:コメント解除して変更

log_file =
rally.log
# 37行目:コメント解除して変更

log_dir =
/var/log/rally
# 156行目:MariaDB 接続情報を追記

connection = mysql+pymysql://rally:password@10.0.0.30/rally
[root@dlp ~(keystone)]#
mkdir /var/log/rally

[root@dlp ~(keystone)]#
rally db create

Creating database: mysql+pymysql://rally:password@10.0.0.30/rally
Database created successfully
[4] Rally がベンチマークタスクを実行できるよう認証情報を登録しておきます。
URL や ユーザー情報等は自身の環境に置き換えてください。
[root@dlp ~(keystone)]#
vi myenv.json
{
    "openstack": {
        "auth_url": "http://10.0.0.30:5000/v3",
        "region_name": "RegionOne",
        "endpoint_type": "public",
        "admin": {
            "username": "admin",
            "password": "adminpassword",
            "tenant_name": "admin"
        },
         "users": [
             {
                 "username": "serverworld",
                 "password": "userpassword",
                 "tenant_name": "hiroshima"
             },
         ]
    }
}

[root@dlp ~(keystone)]#
rally deployment create --file myenv.json --name my_cloud

+--------------------------------------+---------------------+----------+------------------+--------+
| uuid                                 | created_at          | name     | status           | active |
+--------------------------------------+---------------------+----------+------------------+--------+
| 46e79120-2dc2-4c8b-bbb6-283a68a7d6cd | 2018-03-27T00:41:34 | my_cloud | deploy->finished |        |
+--------------------------------------+---------------------+----------+------------------+--------+
Using deployment: 46e79120-2dc2-4c8b-bbb6-283a68a7d6cd
~/.rally/openrc was updated

HINTS:

* To use standard OpenStack clients, set up your env by running:
        source ~/.rally/openrc
  OpenStack clients are now configured, e.g run:
        openstack image list

[root@dlp ~(keystone)]#
source ~/.rally/openrc

[root@dlp ~(keystone)]#
rally deployment show my_cloud

+--------------------------+-------------+----------+-------------+-------------+---------------+
| auth_url                 | username    | password | tenant_name | region_name | endpoint_type |
+--------------------------+-------------+----------+-------------+-------------+---------------+
| http://10.0.0.30:5000/v3 | admin       | ***      | admin       | RegionOne   | public        |
| http://10.0.0.30:5000/v3 | serverworld | ***      | hiroshima   | RegionOne   | public        |
+--------------------------+-------------+----------+-------------+-------------+---------------+

[root@dlp ~(keystone)]#
rally deployment check

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Platform openstack:
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Available services:
+-------------+----------------+-----------+
| Service     | Service Type   | Status    |
+-------------+----------------+-----------+
| __unknown__ | placement      | Available |
| __unknown__ | sharev2        | Available |
| __unknown__ | volumev2       | Available |
| __unknown__ | volumev3       | Available |
| ceilometer  | metering       | Available |
| cloud       | cloudformation | Available |
| glance      | image          | Available |
| gnocchi     | metric         | Available |
| heat        | orchestration  | Available |
| keystone    | identity       | Available |
| manila      | share          | Available |
| neutron     | network        | Available |
| nova        | compute        | Available |
+-------------+----------------+-----------+
[5] Rally の利用方法です。
なお、下例で定義しているベンチマークシナリオのその他サンプルは下記サイトを参照ください。
⇒ https://github.com/openstack/rally/blob/master/samples/tasks/scenarios/
# ベンチマークのシナリオを定義する

# 例として インスタンスの作成/起動~削除までを行うシンプルなシナリオを定義

# [flavor] は登録済みの flavor 名を指定

# [image] は登録済みの image 名を指定

[root@dlp ~(keystone)]#
vi boot-and-delete.json
{
    "NovaServers.boot_and_delete_server": [
        {
            "args": {
                "flavor": {
                    "name": "m1.small"
                },
                "image": {
                    "name": "CentOS7"
                },
                "force_delete": false
            },
            "runner": {
                "type": "constant",
                "times": 10,
                "concurrency": 2
            },
            "context": {}
        }
    ]
}

# ベンチマークタスクを開始

[root@dlp ~(keystone)]#
rally task start boot-and-delete.json

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Preparing input task
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Task is:
{
    "NovaServers.boot_and_delete_server": [
        {
            "args": {
                "flavor": {
                    "name": "m1.small"
                },
                "image": {
                    "name": "CentOS7"
                },
                "force_delete": false
            },
            "runner": {
                "type": "constant",
                "times": 10,
                "concurrency": 2
            },
            "context": {}
        }
    ]
}

Task syntax is correct :)
Running Rally version 0.11.0
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Task  83861b53-5eff-41fc-ae07-6ca5e8ebaa4c: started
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Running Task... This can take a while...

To track task status use:

        rally task status
        or
        rally task detailed

Using task: 83861b53-5eff-41fc-ae07-6ca5e8ebaa4c
2018-03-27 09:43:46.855 28342 INFO rally.task.engine [-] Task 83861b53-5eff-41fc-ae07-6ca5e8ebaa4c | Starting:  Task validation.
2018-03-27 09:43:46.878 28342 INFO rally.task.engine [-] Task 83861b53-5eff-41fc-ae07-6ca5e8ebaa4c | Starting:  Task validation of syntax.
2018-03-27 09:43:46.900 28342 INFO rally.task.engine [-] Task 83861b53-5eff-41fc-ae07-6ca5e8ebaa4c | Completed: Task validation of syntax.
2018-03-27 09:43:46.901 28342 INFO rally.task.engine [-] Task 83861b53-5eff-41fc-ae07-6ca5e8ebaa4c | Starting:  Task validation of required platforms.
2018-03-27 09:43:46.916 28342 INFO rally.task.engine [-] Task 83861b53-5eff-41fc-ae07-6ca5e8ebaa4c | Completed: Task validation of required platforms.
2018-03-27 09:43:46.917 28342 INFO rally.task.engine [-] Task 83861b53-5eff-41fc-ae07-6ca5e8ebaa4c | Starting:  Task validation of semantic.
2018-03-27 09:43:46.918 28342 INFO rally.task.engine [-] Check health of the environment '46e79120-2dc2-4c8b-bbb6-283a68a7d6cd'.
2018-03-27 09:43:48.407 28342 INFO rally.task.engine [-] Platform existing@openstack (available: True): OK!
2018-03-27 09:43:49.006 28342 INFO rally.task.context [-] Task 83861b53-5eff-41fc-ae07-6ca5e8ebaa4c | Context users@openstack setup()  finished in 0.58 sec
2018-03-27 09:43:51.972 28342 INFO rally.task.context [-] Task 83861b53-5eff-41fc-ae07-6ca5e8ebaa4c | Context users@openstack cleanup() started
2018-03-27 09:43:51.979 28342 INFO rally.task.context [-] Task 83861b53-5eff-41fc-ae07-6ca5e8ebaa4c | Context users@openstack cleanup() finished in 6.49 msec
2018-03-27 09:43:51.979 28342 INFO rally.task.engine [-] Task 83861b53-5eff-41fc-ae07-6ca5e8ebaa4c | Completed: Task validation of semantic.
2018-03-27 09:43:51.980 28342 INFO rally.task.engine [-] Task 83861b53-5eff-41fc-ae07-6ca5e8ebaa4c | Completed: Task validation.
2018-03-27 09:43:51.981 28342 INFO rally.api [-] Task 83861b53-5eff-41fc-ae07-6ca5e8ebaa4c input file is valid.
2018-03-27 09:43:51.981 28342 INFO rally.api [-] Run Task 83861b53-5eff-41fc-ae07-6ca5e8ebaa4c against Deployment 46e79120-2dc2-4c8b-bbb6-283a68a7d6cd
2018-03-27 09:43:51.982 28342 INFO rally.task.engine [-] Task 83861b53-5eff-41fc-ae07-6ca5e8ebaa4c | Starting:  Running task.
2018-03-27 09:43:52.037 28342 INFO rally.task.engine [-] Running workload:
  position = 0
  config = {
   "version": 2,
   "title": "A cropped version of a bigger task.",
   "description": "Auto-generated task from a single workload (uuid=f430c60b-aaf3-432b-9255-fe6bf7d7eca3)",
   "subtasks": [
      {
         "title": "NovaServers.boot_and_delete_server",
         "description": "Boot and delete a server.",
         "scenario": {
            "NovaServers.boot_and_delete_server": {
               "flavor": {
                  "name": "m1.small"
               },
               "image": {
                  "name": "CentOS7"
               },
               "force_delete": false
            }
         },
         "contexts": {},
         "runner": {
            "constant": {
               "times": 10,
               "concurrency": 2
            }
         },
         "hooks": [],
         "sla": {
            "failure_rate": {
               "max": 0
            }
         }
      }
   ]
}
2018-03-27 09:43:52.649 28342 INFO rally.task.context [-] Task 83861b53-5eff-41fc-ae07-6ca5e8ebaa4c | Context users@openstack setup()  finished in 0.59 sec
2018-03-27 09:43:52.657 28342 INFO rally.task.context [-] Task 83861b53-5eff-41fc-ae07-6ca5e8ebaa4c | Context cleanup@openstack setup()  finished in 0.01 msec
2018-03-27 09:43:54.581 28359 INFO rally.task.runner [-] Task 83861b53-5eff-41fc-ae07-6ca5e8ebaa4c | ITER: 1 START
2018-03-27 09:43:54.596 28360 INFO rally.task.runner [-] Task 83861b53-5eff-41fc-ae07-6ca5e8ebaa4c | ITER: 2 START
2018-03-27 09:44:13.535 28359 INFO rally.task.runner [-] Task 83861b53-5eff-41fc-ae07-6ca5e8ebaa4c | ITER: 1 END: OK
2018-03-27 09:44:13.547 28359 INFO rally.task.runner [-] Task 83861b53-5eff-41fc-ae07-6ca5e8ebaa4c | ITER: 3 START
2018-03-27 09:44:15.937 28360 INFO rally.task.runner [-] Task 83861b53-5eff-41fc-ae07-6ca5e8ebaa4c | ITER: 2 END: OK
2018-03-27 09:44:15.944 28360 INFO rally.task.runner [-] Task 83861b53-5eff-41fc-ae07-6ca5e8ebaa4c | ITER: 4 START
2018-03-27 09:44:26.099 28359 INFO rally.task.runner [-] Task 83861b53-5eff-41fc-ae07-6ca5e8ebaa4c | ITER: 3 END: OK
2018-03-27 09:44:26.107 28359 INFO rally.task.runner [-] Task 83861b53-5eff-41fc-ae07-6ca5e8ebaa4c | ITER: 5 START
2018-03-27 09:44:29.393 28360 INFO rally.task.runner [-] Task 83861b53-5eff-41fc-ae07-6ca5e8ebaa4c | ITER: 4 END: OK
2018-03-27 09:44:29.401 28360 INFO rally.task.runner [-] Task 83861b53-5eff-41fc-ae07-6ca5e8ebaa4c | ITER: 6 START
2018-03-27 09:44:40.583 28359 INFO rally.task.runner [-] Task 83861b53-5eff-41fc-ae07-6ca5e8ebaa4c | ITER: 5 END: OK
2018-03-27 09:44:40.590 28359 INFO rally.task.runner [-] Task 83861b53-5eff-41fc-ae07-6ca5e8ebaa4c | ITER: 7 START
2018-03-27 09:44:41.819 28360 INFO rally.task.runner [-] Task 83861b53-5eff-41fc-ae07-6ca5e8ebaa4c | ITER: 6 END: OK
2018-03-27 09:44:41.827 28360 INFO rally.task.runner [-] Task 83861b53-5eff-41fc-ae07-6ca5e8ebaa4c | ITER: 8 START
2018-03-27 09:44:53.424 28359 INFO rally.task.runner [-] Task 83861b53-5eff-41fc-ae07-6ca5e8ebaa4c | ITER: 7 END: OK
2018-03-27 09:44:53.435 28359 INFO rally.task.runner [-] Task 83861b53-5eff-41fc-ae07-6ca5e8ebaa4c | ITER: 9 START
2018-03-27 09:44:53.867 28360 INFO rally.task.runner [-] Task 83861b53-5eff-41fc-ae07-6ca5e8ebaa4c | ITER: 8 END: OK
2018-03-27 09:44:53.879 28360 INFO rally.task.runner [-] Task 83861b53-5eff-41fc-ae07-6ca5e8ebaa4c | ITER: 10 START
2018-03-27 09:45:05.812 28359 INFO rally.task.runner [-] Task 83861b53-5eff-41fc-ae07-6ca5e8ebaa4c | ITER: 9 END: OK
2018-03-27 09:45:07.749 28360 INFO rally.task.runner [-] Task 83861b53-5eff-41fc-ae07-6ca5e8ebaa4c | ITER: 10 END: OK
2018-03-27 09:45:07.777 28342 INFO rally.task.context [-] Task 83861b53-5eff-41fc-ae07-6ca5e8ebaa4c | Context cleanup@openstack cleanup() started
2018-03-27 09:45:11.116 28342 INFO rally.task.context [-] Task 83861b53-5eff-41fc-ae07-6ca5e8ebaa4c | Context cleanup@openstack cleanup() finished in 3.34 sec
2018-03-27 09:45:11.118 28342 INFO rally.task.context [-] Task 83861b53-5eff-41fc-ae07-6ca5e8ebaa4c | Context users@openstack cleanup() started
2018-03-27 09:45:11.118 28342 INFO rally.task.context [-] Task 83861b53-5eff-41fc-ae07-6ca5e8ebaa4c | Context users@openstack cleanup() finished in 0.86 msec
2018-03-27 09:45:12.575 28342 INFO rally.task.engine [-] Load duration is: 72.147601
2018-03-27 09:45:12.580 28342 INFO rally.task.engine [-] Full runner duration is: 73.227308
2018-03-27 09:45:12.581 28342 INFO rally.task.engine [-] Full duration is: 79.058306
2018-03-27 09:45:12.690 28342 INFO rally.task.engine [-] Task 83861b53-5eff-41fc-ae07-6ca5e8ebaa4c | Completed: Running task.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Task 83861b53-5eff-41fc-ae07-6ca5e8ebaa4c: finished
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

test scenario NovaServers.boot_and_delete_server
args position 0
args values:
{
  "runner": {
    "times": 10,
    "concurrency": 2
  },
  "contexts": {},
  "args": {
    "flavor": {
      "name": "m1.small"
    },
    "image": {
      "name": "CentOS7"
    },
    "force_delete": false
  },
  "sla": {
    "failure_rate": {
      "max": 0
    }
  },
  "hooks": []
}

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Task 83861b53-5eff-41fc-ae07-6ca5e8ebaa4c has 0 error(s)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

+------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
|                                                 Response Times (sec)                                 
+--------------------+-----------+--------------+--------------+--------------+-----------+-----------+
| Action             | Min (sec) | Median (sec) | 90%ile (sec) | 95%ile (sec) | Max (sec) | Avg (sec) |
+--------------------+-----------+--------------+--------------+--------------+-----------+-----------+
| nova.boot_server   | 9.606     | 10.16        | 16.619       | 17.621       | 18.624    | 11.672    |
| nova.delete_server | 2.426     | 2.559        | 2.9          | 3.773        | 4.647     | 2.755     |
| total              | 12.038    | 13.141       | 19.173       | 20.252       | 21.33     | 14.427    |
|  -> duration       | 11.038    | 12.141       | 18.173       | 19.252       | 20.33     | 13.427    |
|  -> idle_duration  | 1.0       | 1.0          | 1.0          | 1.0          | 1.0       | 1.0       |
+--------------------+-----------+--------------+--------------+--------------+-----------+-----------+
-----------------+
                 |
---------+-------+
 Success | Count |
---------+-------+
 100.0%  | 10    |
 100.0%  | 10    |
 100.0%  | 10    |
 100.0%  | 10    |
 100.0%  | 10    |
---------+-------+

Load duration: 72.1476
Full duration: 79.0583

HINTS:
* To plot HTML graphics with this data, run:
        rally task report 83861b53-5eff-41fc-ae07-6ca5e8ebaa4c --out output.html

* To generate a JUnit report, run:
        rally task export 83861b53-5eff-41fc-ae07-6ca5e8ebaa4c --type junit --to output.xml

* To get raw JSON output of task results, run:
        rally task report 83861b53-5eff-41fc-ae07-6ca5e8ebaa4c --json --out output.json

[6] タスク完了時に表示された HTML 出力コマンドを実行すると HTML ファイルが生成され、以下のようにベンチマーク結果がグラフで確認可能です。
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