Windows 2019
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Windows Server Failover Clustering : Configure Cluster (CUI)
2019/07/09
 
Configure Windows Server Failover Clustering (WSFC).
It needs more than 2 Nodes to configure WSFC and also they are in Active Directory Domain.
Furthermore, they need more than 2 shared storages, for Data and for Quorum.
Considering the above, this example is based on the environment like follows.
                                   |
+----------------------+           |           +----------------------+
|  [      AD DS     ]  |10.0.0.100 | 10.0.0.110|  [  iSCSI Target  ]  |
|    fd3s.srv.world    +-----------+-----------+    tgt01.srv.world   |
|                      |           |           |                      |
+----------------------+           |           +----------------------+
                                   |
+----------------------+           |           +----------------------+
|  [ Cluster Node#1 ]  |10.0.0.101 | 10.0.0.102|  [ Cluster Node#2 ]  |
|    rx-7.srv.world    +-----------+-----------+    rx-8.srv.world    |
|                      |                       |                      |
+----------------------+                       +----------------------+

 
On CUI Configuration, run PowerShell and Set like follows.
[1] Test on a Node to configure Cluster.
If some errors are shown, improve your System and retry Test Job.
For [WARNING] items, you should care them but they are not essential requisites, so if [ClusterConditionallyApproved] is shown, it's possible to create a Cluster.
Windows PowerShell
Copyright (C) Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.

# [-Node] ⇒ specify Nodes
PS C:\Users\Administrator> Test-Cluster -Node "RX-7", "RX-8" 
WARNING: System Configuration - Validate All Drivers Signed: 
WARNING: Network - Validate Network Communication: 
WARNING:
Test Result:
HadUnselectedTests, ClusterConditionallyApproved
.....
.....
Test report file path: C:\Users\Administrator\AppData\Local\Temp\Validation Report 2019.07.05 At 19.42.22.htm

Mode                LastWriteTime         Length Name
----                -------------         ------ ----
-a----       2019/07/05     19:45         708390 Validation Report 2019.07.05 At 19.42.22.htm
[2] クラスターを構成します。
# [-Name] ⇒ any Cluster Name
# [-Node] ⇒ specify Nodes for Cluster
# [-AdministrativeAccessPoint] ⇒ Administrative Access Point
# [-StaticAddress] ⇒ IP address for Cluster access
PS C:\Users\Administrator> New-Cluster -Name Cluster01 -Node "RX-7", "RX-8" `
-AdministrativeAccessPoint ActiveDirectoryAndDns `
-StaticAddress 10.0.0.111 

Name
----
Cluster01

# confirm settings
PS C:\Users\Administrator> Get-Cluster | Format-List -Property * 

AddEvictDelay                           : 60
AdministrativeAccessPoint               : ActiveDirectoryAndDns
AutoAssignNodeSite                      : 0
AutoBalancerMode                        : 2
AutoBalancerLevel                       : 1
BackupInProgress                        : 0
BlockCacheSize                          : 1024
DetectedCloudPlatform                   : None
DetectManagedEvents                     : 1
DetectManagedEventsThreshold            : 60
ClusSvcHangTimeout                      : 135
ClusSvcRegroupStageTimeout              : 15
ClusSvcRegroupTickInMilliseconds        : 300
ClusterEnforcedAntiAffinity             : 0
ClusterFunctionalLevel                  : 10
ClusterUpgradeVersion                   : 3
ClusterGroupWaitDelay                   : 120
ClusterLogLevel                         : 3
ClusterLogSize                          : 1536
CrossSiteDelay                          : 1000
CrossSiteThreshold                      : 20
CrossSubnetDelay                        : 1000
CrossSubnetThreshold                    : 20
CsvBalancer                             : 1
DatabaseReadWriteMode                   : 0
DefaultNetworkRole                      : 3
Description                             :
Domain                                  : srv.world
DrainOnShutdown                         : 1
DumpPolicy                              : 1376850201
DynamicQuorum                           : 1
EnableSharedVolumes                     : Enabled
FixQuorum                               : 0
GroupDependencyTimeout                  : 600
HangRecoveryAction                      : 6
Id                                      : 721ef6f3-7591-4b03-88cb-be942aa63014
IgnorePersistentStateOnStartup          : 0
LogResourceControls                     : 0
LowerQuorumPriorityNodeId               : 0
MessageBufferLength                     : 50
MinimumNeverPreemptPriority             : 3000
MinimumPreemptorPriority                : 1
Name                                    : Cluster01
NetftIPSecEnabled                       : 1
PlacementOptions                        : 0
PlumbAllCrossSubnetRoutes               : 0
PreferredSite                           :
PreventQuorum                           : 0
QuarantineDuration                      : 7200
QuarantineThreshold                     : 3
QuorumArbitrationTimeMax                : 20
RecentEventsResetTime                   : 2019/07/05 5:18:15
RequestReplyTimeout                     : 60
ResiliencyDefaultPeriod                 : 240
ResiliencyLevel                         : AlwaysIsolate
RouteHistoryLength                      : 40
S2DBusTypes                             : 0
S2DCacheBehavior                        : Default
S2DCacheDesiredState                    : Enabled
S2DCacheMetadataReserveBytes            : 34359738368
S2DCachePageSizeKBytes                  : 16
S2DEnabled                              : 0
S2DIOLatencyThreshold                   : 10000
S2DOptimizations                        : 0
SameSubnetDelay                         : 1000
SameSubnetThreshold                     : 20
SecurityLevel                           : 1
SecurityLevelForStorage                 : 0
SharedVolumeCompatibleFilters           : {}
SharedVolumeIncompatibleFilters         : {}
SharedVolumeSecurityDescriptor          : {1, 0, 4, 128...}
SharedVolumesRoot                       : C:\ClusterStorage
SharedVolumeVssWriterOperationTimeout   : 1800
ShutdownTimeoutInMinutes                : 20
UseClientAccessNetworksForSharedVolumes : 2
WitnessDatabaseWriteTimeout             : 300
WitnessDynamicWeight                    : 1
WitnessRestartInterval                  : 15
EnabledEventLogs                        : {Microsoft-Windows-Hyper-V-VmSwitch-Diagnostic,4,0xFFFFFFFD, Microsoft-Window
                                          s-SMBDirect/Debug,4, Microsoft-Windows-SMBServer/Analytic, Microsoft-Windows-
                                          Kernel-LiveDump/Analytic}
[3] Make sure it's possible to access to Cluster IP address from an any Computer in your Network.
# for example, access via SSH to Cluster IP address
[root@desktop ~]# ssh Administrator@10.0.0.111 
Administrator@10.0.0.111's password:
Microsoft Windows [Version 10.0.17763.379]
(c) 2018 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.

Administrator@RX-8 C:\Users\Administrator> powershell 
Windows PowerShell
Copyright (C) Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.

PS C:\Users\Administrator> Get-ClusterNode 

Name State Type
---- ----- ----
rx-7 Up    Node
rx-8 Up    Node

PS C:\Users\Administrator> hostname 
rx-8

PS C:\Users\Administrator> Get-Volume 

DriveLetter FriendlyName FileSystemType DriveType HealthStatus OperationalStatus SizeRemaining      Size
----------- ------------ -------------- --------- ------------ ----------------- -------------      ----
            システムで予約済み    NTFS           Fixed     Healthy      OK                    514.32 MB    549 MB
C                        NTFS           Fixed     Healthy      OK                     64.53 GB  79.46 GB
D                        NTFS           Fixed     Healthy      OK                    463.75 MB 495.93 MB
E                        NTFS           Fixed     Healthy      OK                     29.88 GB  29.98 GB

# restart computer to make sure failover runs normally
PS C:\Users\Administrator> Restart-Computer -Force 
PS C:\Users\Administrator> exit 

# access again to Cluster
[root@desktop ~]# ssh administrator@10.0.0.111 
Windows PowerShell
Copyright (C) Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.

PS C:\Users\Administrator> Get-ClusterNode 

Name State Type
---- ----- ----
rx-7 Up    Node
rx-8 Up    Node


PS C:\Users\Administrator> hostname 
rx-7
PS C:\Users\Administrator> Get-Volume 

DriveLetter FriendlyName FileSystemType DriveType HealthStatus OperationalStatus SizeRemaining      Size
----------- ------------ -------------- --------- ------------ ----------------- -------------      ----
                                  NTFS           Fixed     Healthy      OK                    514.32 MB    549 MB
C                        NTFS           Fixed     Healthy      OK                      64.2 GB  79.46 GB
D                        NTFS           Fixed     Healthy      OK                    463.75 MB 495.93 MB
E                        NTFS           Fixed     Healthy      OK                     29.88 GB  29.98 GB
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