Windows 2016
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Docker : Basic Usage
2019/03/04
 
This is the Basic Usage of Docker.
Run PowerShell or Command Prompt to use it.
[1] Download Windows official image and run echo inside a Container.
Windows PowerShell
Copyright (C) 2016 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.

# pull Windows ServerCore image
PS C:\Users\Administrator> docker pull microsoft/windowsservercore 
Using default tag: latest
latest: Pulling from microsoft/windowsservercore
3889bb8d808b: Pull complete
d0c71fc8924e: Pull complete
Digest: sha256:05de0a0ac13d3652bd1f2281b8589459ebb611092e3fe4d8f1be91f1f6984266
Status: Downloaded newer image for microsoft/windowsservercore:latest

# list images
PS C:\Users\Administrator> docker images 
REPOSITORY                    TAG                 IMAGE ID            CREATED             SIZE
microsoft/windowsservercore   latest              ea9f7aa13d03        7 weeks ago         11GB

# run echo inside a Container
PS C:\Users\Administrator> docker run microsoft/windowsservercore powershell -c "echo 'Hello Windows Container World'" 
Hello Windows Container World
[2] Connect to the interactive session of a Container with [i] and [t] option like follows. If exit from the Container session, the process of a Container finishes.
PS C:\Users\Administrator> docker run -i -t microsoft/windowsservercore powershell 

Windows PowerShell
Copyright (C) Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.

PS C:\> systeminfo 

Host Name:                 0CAEA0EB3105
OS Name:                   Microsoft Windows Server 2016 Datacenter Evaluation
OS Version:                10.0.14393 N/A Build 14393
OS Manufacturer:           Microsoft Corporation
OS Configuration:          Standalone Server
OS Build Type:             Multiprocessor Free  Registered Owner: N/A
Registered Organization:   N/A
Product ID:                00377-90000-00001-AA325
Original Install Date:     1/2/2019, 4:01:44 PM
System Boot Time:          3/4/2019, 12:00:46 AM
System Manufacturer:       Red Hat
System Model:              KVM
System Type:               x64-based PC
Processor(s):              4 Processor(s) Installed.
                           [01]: Intel64 Family 6 Model 63 Stepping 2 GenuineIntel ~2594 Mhz
                           [02]: Intel64 Family 6 Model 63 Stepping 2 GenuineIntel ~2594 Mhz
                           [03]: Intel64 Family 6 Model 63 Stepping 2 GenuineIntel ~2594 Mhz
                           [04]: Intel64 Family 6 Model 63 Stepping 2 GenuineIntel ~2594 Mhz
BIOS Version:              SeaBIOS 1.11.0-2.el7, 4/1/2014
Windows Directory:         C:\Windows
System Directory:          C:\Windows\system32
Boot Device:               \Device\HarddiskVolume1

.....
.....

PS C:\> exit 
PS C:\Users\Administrator>    # back
[3] If exit from the Container session with keeping container's process, push Ctrl+p, and Ctrl+q key.
PS C:\Users\Administrator> docker run -it microsoft/windowsservercore powershell 

Windows PowerShell
Copyright (C) 2016 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.

PS C:\>     # Ctrl+p, Ctrl+q

PS C:\Users\Administrator>
PS C:\Users\Administrator> docker ps 
CONTAINER ID        IMAGE                         COMMAND             CREATED             STATUS              PORTS          NAMES
5337b53aeb49        microsoft/windowsservercore   "powershell"        28 seconds ago      Up 25 seconds                      sharp_wu

# connect to container's session
PS C:\Users\Administrator> docker attach 5337b53aeb49 

PS C:\> hostname 
5337b53aeb49
PS C:\> 

# shutdown container's process from Host's console
PS C:\Users\Administrator> docker kill 5337b53aeb49 
e68a751d4b2c

PS C:\Users\Administrator> docker ps 
CONTAINER ID        IMAGE               COMMAND             CREATED             STATUS              PORTS              NAMES
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