Ubuntu 22.04
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VirtualBox : Create Virtual Machines2022/09/01

Create a Virtual Machine.
On this example, create a VM to install Ubuntu 22.04.
[1] Create a Virtual Machine.
# create a directory for VM

mkdir /var/vbox
# create a VM

VBoxManage createvm \
--name Ubuntu_2204 \
--ostype Ubuntu_64 \
--register \
--basefolder /var/vbox

Virtual machine 'Ubuntu_2204' is created and registered.
UUID: 9b7e23a0-20d6-450d-9b82-af13453888a1
Settings file: '/var/vbox/Ubuntu_2204/Ubuntu_2204.vbox'
# modify settings for VM
# replace interface name [ens33] to your own environment

VBoxManage modifyvm Ubuntu_2204 \
--cpus 4 \
--memory 4096 \
--nic1 bridged \
--bridgeadapter1 ens33 \
--boot1 dvd \
--vrde on \
--vrdeport 5001
# configure storage for VM

VBoxManage storagectl Ubuntu_2204 --name "Ubuntu_2204_SATA" --add sata

VBoxManage createhd \
--filename /var/vbox/Ubuntu_2204/Ubuntu_2204.vdi \
--size 20480 \
--format VDI \
--variant Standard

Medium created. UUID: 229cbe70-62e3-4232-86c7-4406aa58b083
VBoxManage storageattach Ubuntu_2204 \
--storagectl Ubuntu_2204_SATA \
--port 1 \
--type hdd \
--medium /var/vbox/Ubuntu_2204/Ubuntu_2204.vdi
# configure DVD drive for VM
# example below, it specifies an ISO file for installation

VBoxManage storageattach Ubuntu_2204 \
--storagectl Ubuntu_2204_SATA \
--port 0 \
--type dvddrive \
--medium /home/ubuntu-22.04-live-server-amd64.iso
# confirm settings for VM

VBoxManage showvminfo Ubuntu_2204

Name:                        Ubuntu_2204
Groups:                      /
Guest OS:                    Ubuntu (64-bit)
UUID:                        9b7e23a0-20d6-450d-9b82-af13453888a1
Config file:                 /var/vbox/Ubuntu_2204/Ubuntu_2204.vbox
Snapshot folder:             /var/vbox/Ubuntu_2204/Snapshots
Log folder:                  /var/vbox/Ubuntu_2204/Logs
Hardware UUID:               9b7e23a0-20d6-450d-9b82-af13453888a1
Memory size:                 4096MB
Page Fusion:                 disabled
VRAM size:                   8MB
CPU exec cap:                100%
HPET:                        disabled
CPUProfile:                  host

# * if detach DVD, run like follows

VBoxManage storageattach Ubuntu_2204 --storagectl Ubuntu_2204_SATA --port 0 --device 0 --medium none

[2] Start a Virtual Machine.
VBoxManage startvm Ubuntu_2204 --type headless

Waiting for VM "Ubuntu_2204" to power on...
VM "Ubuntu_2204" has been successfully started.
[3] On enabling VRDP environment by installing VirtualBox extension pack, it's possible to connect to VM with RDP.
The example below is on Windows 11.
Run Remote Desktop Client and specify [(VirtualBox Server's Hostname or IP address):(vrdeport set for the VM)] to connect to VM.
[4] After connected successfully, VM console is shown.
[5] Installation finished and Virtual Machine is running normally.
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