Ubuntu 22.04
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Change Run-Level
2022/04/26
 
If you would like to change System Run-Level, set like follows.
[1] Run-Level is set with linking to [/etc/systemd/system/default.target].
For example, the default setting without GUI is set like follows.
root@dlp:~#
systemctl get-default

multi-user.target
root@dlp:~#
ll /etc/systemd/system/default.target

lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 37 Sep 23 04:45 /etc/systemd/system/default.target -> /lib/systemd/system/multi-user.target
root@dlp:~#
ll /lib/systemd/system/multi-user.target

-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 540 Mar 11 2022 /lib/systemd/system/multi-user.target
[2] For example, if you'd like to change Run-Level to Graphical-Login, set like follows.
On Ubuntu and other Debian based System, Graphical-Login is enabled automatically when installing Desktop Environment packages, however if you'd like to disable Graphical-Login by default, specify [multi-user.target].
root@dlp:~#
systemctl set-default graphical.target

Removed /etc/systemd/system/default.target.
Created symlink /etc/systemd/system/default.target → /lib/systemd/system/graphical.target.
root@dlp:~#
systemctl get-default

graphical.target
root@dlp:~#
ll /etc/systemd/system/default.target

lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 36 Sep 23 04:56 /etc/systemd/system/default.target -> /lib/systemd/system/graphical.target
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