Ubuntu 22.04
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Kubernetes : Enable Dashboard
2022/11/03
 
Enable Dashboard to manage Kubernetes Cluster on Web UI.
This example is based on the environment like follows.
-----------+---------------------------+--------------------------+------------
           |                           |                          |
       eth0|10.0.0.25              eth0|10.0.0.71             eth0|10.0.0.72
+----------+-----------+   +-----------+-----------+   +-----------+-----------+
|  [ ctrl.srv.world ]  |   |  [snode01.srv.world]  |   |  [snode02.srv.world]  |
|     Control Plane    |   |      Worker Node      |   |      Worker Node      |
+----------------------+   +-----------------------+   +-----------------------+

[1] Enable Dashboard on Control Plane Node.
root@ctrl:~#
kubectl apply -f https://raw.githubusercontent.com/kubernetes/dashboard/v2.7.0/aio/deploy/recommended.yaml

namespace/kubernetes-dashboard created
serviceaccount/kubernetes-dashboard created
service/kubernetes-dashboard created
secret/kubernetes-dashboard-certs created
secret/kubernetes-dashboard-csrf created
secret/kubernetes-dashboard-key-holder created
configmap/kubernetes-dashboard-settings created
role.rbac.authorization.k8s.io/kubernetes-dashboard created
clusterrole.rbac.authorization.k8s.io/kubernetes-dashboard created
rolebinding.rbac.authorization.k8s.io/kubernetes-dashboard created
clusterrolebinding.rbac.authorization.k8s.io/kubernetes-dashboard created
deployment.apps/kubernetes-dashboard created
service/dashboard-metrics-scraper created
deployment.apps/dashboard-metrics-scraper created
[2] Add an account for Dashboard management.
root@ctrl:~#
kubectl create serviceaccount -n kubernetes-dashboard admin-user

serviceaccount/admin-user created
root@ctrl:~#
vi rbac.yml
# create new

apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: ClusterRoleBinding
metadata:
  name: admin-user
roleRef:
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: ClusterRole
  name: cluster-admin
subjects:
- kind: ServiceAccount
  name: admin-user
  namespace: kubernetes-dashboard

root@ctrl:~#
kubectl apply -f rbac.yml

clusterrolebinding.rbac.authorization.k8s.io/admin-user created
# get security token of the account above

root@ctrl:~#
kubectl -n kubernetes-dashboard create token admin-user

eyJhbGciOiJSUzI1NiIsImtpZCI6I.....
# run kube-proxy

root@ctrl:~#
kubectl proxy

Starting to serve on 127.0.0.1:8001
# if access from other client hosts, set port-forwarding

root@ctrl:~#
kubectl port-forward -n kubernetes-dashboard service/kubernetes-dashboard --address 0.0.0.0 10443:443

Forwarding from 0.0.0.0:10443 -> 8443
[3]
If you run [kubectl proxy], access to the URL below with an Web browser on Localhost.
⇒ http://localhost:8001/api/v1/namespaces/kubernetes-dashboard/services/https:kubernetes-dashboard:/proxy/
If you set port-fowarding, access to the URL below on a client computer in your local network.
⇒ https://(Control Plane Node Hostname or IP address):(setting port)/
After displaying following form, Copy and paste the security token you got on [2] to [Enter token] section and Click [Sing In] button.
[4] After authentication successfully passed, Kubernetes Cluster Dashboard is displayed.
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