Ubuntu 20.04
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GlusterFS : Replication Configuration2020/08/26

Configure Storage Clustering with GlusterFS.
For example, Create a Replication volume with 3 Nodes.
It's possible to create Replication volume with 2 Nodes but it's not recommended because split-brain syndrome maybe happens on [replica 2 volume]. As a countermeasure for split-brain, it is recommended to create volume with more than 3 Nodes or set [arbiter volume].
+----------------------+          |          +----------------------+
| [GlusterFS Server#1] | || [GlusterFS Server#2] |
|   node01.srv.world   +----------+----------+   node02.srv.world   |
|                      |          |          |                      |
+----------------------+          |          +----------------------+
+----------------------+          |
| [GlusterFS Server#3] | |
|   node03.srv.world   +----------+
|                      |

It is strongly recommended to use partitions for GlusterFS volumes that are different from the / partition.
On this example, it shows settings on the environment that all nodes has [sdb1] and mount it to [/glusterfs].
[2] Create a Directory for GlusterFS Volume on all Nodes.
mkdir -p /glusterfs/replica

[3] Configure Clustering like follows on a node. (it's OK on any node)
# probe nodes

gluster peer probe node02

peer probe: success.
gluster peer probe node03

peer probe: success.
# confirm status

gluster peer status

Number of Peers: 2

Hostname: node02
Uuid: f2fce535-c10e-41cb-8c9f-c6636ae38eff
State: Peer in Cluster (Connected)

Hostname: node03
Uuid: 014a1e8f-967d-4709-bac4-ea1de8ef96cb
State: Peer in Cluster (Connected)

# create volume

gluster volume create vol_replica replica 3 transport tcp \
node01:/glusterfs/replica \
node02:/glusterfs/replica \

volume create: vol_replica: success: please start the volume to access data
# start volume

gluster volume start vol_replica

volume start: vol_replica: success
# confirm volume info

gluster volume info

Volume Name: vol_replica
Type: Replicate
Volume ID: fd07334b-8303-4e09-aa38-66c2061933bd
Status: Started
Snapshot Count: 0
Number of Bricks: 1 x 3 = 3
Transport-type: tcp
Brick1: node01:/glusterfs/replica
Brick2: node02:/glusterfs/replica
Brick3: node03:/glusterfs/replica
Options Reconfigured:
transport.address-family: inet
storage.fips-mode-rchecksum: on
nfs.disable: on
performance.client-io-threads: off
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