Vagrant : Install2018/12/10
Install Vagrant that is wrapper tool for Virtualization software like VirtualBox or others.
Vagrant supports many Virtualization software like VirtualBox or KVM and others, this example is based on the VirtualBox installed environment.
apt -y install vagrant
|||Basic usage of Vagrant.|
# download and add virtual machine images
# for downloadable image, refer to the official site below
# ⇒ https://app.vagrantup.com/boxes/search
vagrant box add ubuntu/bionic64
==> box: Loading metadata for box 'ubuntu/bionic64' box: URL: https://vagrantcloud.com/ubuntu/bionic64 ==> box: Adding box 'ubuntu/bionic64' (v20181206.0.0) for provider: virtualbox box: Downloading: https://vagrantcloud.com/ubuntu/boxes/bionic64/versions/20181206.0.0/providers/virtualbox.box ==> box: Successfully added box 'ubuntu/bionic64' (v20181206.0.0) for 'virtualbox'!
# initialize ([Vagrantfile] is created on the current path)
vagrant init ubuntu/bionic64
A `Vagrantfile` has been placed in this directory. You are now ready to `vagrant up` your first virtual environment! Please read the comments in the Vagrantfile as well as documentation on `vagrantup.com` for more information on using Vagrant.
# start virtual machine
Bringing machine 'default' up with 'virtualbox' provider... ==> default: Importing base box 'ubuntu/bionic64'... ==> default: Matching MAC address for NAT networking... ==> default: Checking if box 'ubuntu/bionic64' is up to date... ==> default: Setting the name of the VM: root_default_1544409644158_44106 Vagrant is currently configured to create VirtualBox synced folders with the `SharedFoldersEnableSymlinksCreate` option enabled. If the Vagrant guest is not trusted, you may want to disable this option. For more information on this option, please refer to the VirtualBox manual: https://www.virtualbox.org/manual/ch04.html#sharedfolders This option can be disabled globally with an environment variable: VAGRANT_DISABLE_VBOXSYMLINKCREATE=1 or on a per folder basis within the Vagrantfile: config.vm.synced_folder '/host/path', '/guest/path', SharedFoldersEnableSymlinksCreate: false ==> default: Clearing any previously set network interfaces... ==> default: Preparing network interfaces based on configuration... default: Adapter 1: nat ==> default: Forwarding ports... default: 22 (guest) => 2222 (host) (adapter 1) ==> default: Running 'pre-boot' VM customizations... ==> default: Booting VM... ==> default: Waiting for machine to boot. This may take a few minutes... default: SSH address: 127.0.0.1:2222 default: SSH username: vagrant default: SSH auth method: private key default: Warning: Connection reset. Retrying... default: default: Vagrant insecure key detected. Vagrant will automatically replace default: this with a newly generated keypair for better security. default: default: Inserting generated public key within guest... default: Removing insecure key from the guest if it's present... default: Key inserted! Disconnecting and reconnecting using new SSH key... ==> default: Machine booted and ready! ==> default: Checking for guest additions in VM... ==> default: Mounting shared folders... default: /vagrant => /root
# show state of virtual machine
Current machine states: default running (virtualbox) The VM is running. To stop this VM, you can run `vagrant halt` to shut it down forcefully, or you can run `vagrant suspend` to simply suspend the virtual machine. In either case, to restart it again, simply run `vagrant up`.
# connect to virtual machine with SSH
Welcome to Ubuntu 18.04.1 LTS (GNU/Linux 4.15.0-42-generic x86_64) * Documentation: https://help.ubuntu.com * Management: https://landscape.canonical.com * Support: https://ubuntu.com/advantage System information as of Mon Dec 10 02:42:59 UTC 2018 System load: 0.34 Processes: 100 Usage of /: 9.8% of 9.63GB Users logged in: 0 Memory usage: 13% IP address for enp0s3: 10.0.2.15 Swap usage: 0% Get cloud support with Ubuntu Advantage Cloud Guest: http://www.ubuntu.com/business/services/cloud 0 packages can be updated. 0 updates are security updates. vagrant@ubuntu-bionic:~$ exit
# stop virtual machine
==> default: Attempting graceful shutdown of VM...
# if you'd like to change settings of virtual machine, edit Vagrantfile
# for example to change CPU and Memory settings
# uncomment line 53 like follows and add or change values
config.vm.provider "virtualbox" do |vb| # # Display the VirtualBox GUI when booting the machine # vb.gui = true # # # Customize the amount of memory on the VM: vb.memory = "4096" vb.cpus = 2 end