Ubuntu 18.04
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OpenStack Stein : How to use Heat
2019/04/17
 
How to use the OpenStack Orchestration Service (Heat).
This example is based on the emvironment like follows.
------------+---------------------------+---------------------------+------------
            |                           |                           |
        eth0|10.0.0.30              eth0|10.0.0.50              eth0|10.0.0.51
+-----------+-----------+   +-----------+-----------+   +-----------+-----------+
|    [ Control Node ]   |   |    [ Network Node ]   |   |    [ Compute Node ]   |
|                       |   |                       |   |                       |
|  MariaDB    RabbitMQ  |   |        L2 Agent       |   |        Libvirt        |
|  Memcached  httpd     |   |        L3 Agent       |   |     Nova Compute      |
|  Keystone   Glance    |   |     Metadata Agent    |   |        L2 Agent       |
|  Nova API             |   |     Cinder Volume     |   |                       |
|  Neutron Server       |   |       Heat API        |   |                       |
|  Metadata Agent       |   |      Heat Engine      |   |                       |
|  Cinder API           |   |                       |   |                       |
+-----------------------+   +-----------------------+   +-----------------------+

[1] Deploy Instances with Heat services and templates. The example below is on the Controle Node.
# create a template for test

root@dlp ~(keystone)#
vi sample-stack.yml
heat_template_version: 2018-08-31

description: Heat Sample Template

parameters:
  ImageID:
    type: string
    description: Image used to boot a server
  NetID:
    type: string
    description: Network ID for the server

resources:
  server1:
    type: OS::Nova::Server
    properties:
      name: "Heat_Deployed_Server"
      image: { get_param: ImageID }
      flavor: "m1.small"
      networks:
      - network: { get_param: NetID }

outputs:
  server1_private_ip:
    description: IP address of the server in the private network
    value: { get_attr: [ server1, first_address ] }

root@dlp ~(keystone)#
openstack image list

+--------------------------------------+------------+--------+
| ID                                   | Name       | Status |
+--------------------------------------+------------+--------+
| 7690a3c0-99f7-40fe-8cde-343824edc74a | Ubuntu1804 | active |
+--------------------------------------+------------+--------+

root@dlp ~(keystone)#
openstack network list

+--------------------------------------+---------+--------------------------------------+
| ID                                   | Name    | Subnets                              |
+--------------------------------------+---------+--------------------------------------+
| 4ac44922-6ee9-4f99-9901-06cd69bcb64b | ext_net | 19f83d21-e41f-4e96-8da1-84bfba298fc7 |
| 596c0921-5acb-42e1-8b44-ff549c30cded | int_net | d09f2fd8-07d9-4365-9e5b-5aeb471a1b72 |
+--------------------------------------+---------+--------------------------------------+

root@dlp ~(keystone)#
Int_Net_ID=$(openstack network list | grep int_net | awk '{ print $2 }')
# create an instance from the template

root@dlp ~(keystone)#
openstack stack create -t sample-stack.yml --parameter "ImageID=Ubuntu1804;NetID=$Int_Net_ID" Sample-Stack

+---------------------+--------------------------------------+
| Field               | Value                                |
+---------------------+--------------------------------------+
| id                  | 134694f6-0fd6-49b1-be90-848e229cc5b4 |
| stack_name          | Sample-Stack                         |
| description         | Heat Sample Template                 |
| creation_time       | 2019-04-17T07:41:14Z                 |
| updated_time        | None                                 |
| stack_status        | CREATE_IN_PROGRESS                   |
| stack_status_reason | Stack CREATE started                 |
+---------------------+--------------------------------------+

# turn to [CREATE_COMPLETE] after few minutes later like follows

root@dlp ~(keystone)#
openstack stack list

+--------------------------------------+--------------+----------------------------------+-----------------+----------------------+--------------+
| ID                                   | Stack Name   | Project                          | Stack Status    | Creation Time        | Updated Time |
+--------------------------------------+--------------+----------------------------------+-----------------+----------------------+--------------+
| 134694f6-0fd6-49b1-be90-848e229cc5b4 | Sample-Stack | e52584cf60234bc090c7d437b8ca7b62 | CREATE_COMPLETE | 2019-04-17T07:41:14Z | None         |
+--------------------------------------+--------------+----------------------------------+-----------------+----------------------+--------------+

# the instance is running which is created from the Heat template

root@dlp ~(keystone)#
openstack server list

+--------------------------------------+----------------------+--------+-------------------------+------------+----------+
| ID                                   | Name                 | Status | Networks                | Image      | Flavor   |
+--------------------------------------+----------------------+--------+-------------------------+------------+----------+
| 53f577a8-4c84-45ac-8bc0-1688435e6dc0 | Heat_Deployed_Server | ACTIVE | int_net=192.168.100.125 | Ubuntu1804 | m1.small |
+--------------------------------------+----------------------+--------+-------------------------+------------+----------+

# delete the instance likwe follows if you don't need

root@dlp ~(keystone)#
openstack stack delete --yes Sample-Stack

root@dlp ~(keystone)#
openstack stack list


[2]
The guide for writing templates are opened on the official site below.
⇒ https://docs.openstack.org/heat/latest/template_guide/index.html
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