Ubuntu 18.04
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OpenStack Stein : Boot Instances
2019/04/11
 
Create and Start Virtual Machine Instance.
[1] Login with a user and create a config for authentication of Keystyone.
The username or password in the config are just the one you added in keystone like here.
Next Create and run an instance.
ubuntu@dlp:~$
vi ~/keystonerc
export OS_PROJECT_DOMAIN_NAME=default
export OS_USER_DOMAIN_NAME=default
export OS_PROJECT_NAME=hiroshima
export OS_USERNAME=serverworld
export OS_PASSWORD=userpassword
export OS_AUTH_URL=http://10.0.0.30:5000/v3
export OS_IDENTITY_API_VERSION=3
export OS_IMAGE_API_VERSION=2
export PS1='\u@\h \W(keystone)\$ '
ubuntu@dlp:~$
chmod 600 ~/keystonerc

ubuntu@dlp:~$
source ~/keystonerc

ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
echo "source ~/keystonerc " >> ~/.bash_profile
# show available flavor list

ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack flavor list

+----+----------+------+------+-----------+-------+-----------+
| ID | Name     |  RAM | Disk | Ephemeral | VCPUs | Is Public |
+----+----------+------+------+-----------+-------+-----------+
| 0  | m1.small | 2048 |   10 |         0 |     1 | True      |
+----+----------+------+------+-----------+-------+-----------+

# show available image list

ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack image list

+--------------------------------------+------------+--------+
| ID                                   | Name       | Status |
+--------------------------------------+------------+--------+
| 7690a3c0-99f7-40fe-8cde-343824edc74a | Ubuntu1804 | active |
+--------------------------------------+------------+--------+

# show available network list

ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack network list

+--------------------------------------+------------+--------------------------------------+
| ID                                   | Name       | Subnets                              |
+--------------------------------------+------------+--------------------------------------+
| bc5a7936-cec8-448a-a909-849967870262 | sharednet1 | 39aeb6bb-9d79-4cf8-8aea-030960e70419 |
+--------------------------------------+------------+--------------------------------------+

# create a security group for instances

ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack security group create secgroup01

+-----------------+----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| Field           | Value                                                                                                                                                                                  |
+-----------------+----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| created_at      | 2019-04-11T04:13:40Z                                                                                                                                                                   |
| description     | secgroup01                                                                                                                                                                             |
| id              | 257f3400-74fd-4087-a349-b31b48855690                                                                                                                                                   |
| location        | Munch({'project': Munch({'domain_name': 'default', 'domain_id': None, 'name': 'hiroshima', 'id': u'47bbc20de1664134814c07e4ff2b93df'}), 'cloud': '', 'region_name': '', 'zone': None}) |
| name            | secgroup01                                                                                                                                                                             |
| project_id      | 47bbc20de1664134814c07e4ff2b93df                                                                                                                                                       |
| revision_number | 1                                                                                                                                                                                      |
| rules           | created_at='2019-04-11T04:13:40Z', direction='egress', ethertype='IPv4', id='911ff2c1-9d18-41b8-92f5-da86c8777613', updated_at='2019-04-11T04:13:40Z'                                  |
|                 | created_at='2019-04-11T04:13:40Z', direction='egress', ethertype='IPv6', id='dfc1c19a-773c-42b8-be2f-8094fe53fe07', updated_at='2019-04-11T04:13:40Z'                                  |
| tags            | []                                                                                                                                                                                     |
| updated_at      | 2019-04-11T04:13:40Z                                                                                                                                                                   |
+-----------------+----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+

ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack security group list

+--------------------------------------+------------+------------------------+----------------------------------+------+
| ID                                   | Name       | Description            | Project                          | Tags |
+--------------------------------------+------------+------------------------+----------------------------------+------+
| 257f3400-74fd-4087-a349-b31b48855690 | secgroup01 | secgroup01             | 47bbc20de1664134814c07e4ff2b93df | []   |
| aa4c9504-2cab-404c-8f75-cca4fbfb4093 | default    | Default security group | 47bbc20de1664134814c07e4ff2b93df | []   |
+--------------------------------------+------------+------------------------+----------------------------------+------+

# create a SSH keypair for connecting to instances

ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
ssh-keygen -q -N ""

Enter file in which to save the key (/home/ubuntu/.ssh/id_rsa):
# add public-key

ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack keypair create --public-key ~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub mykey

+-------------+-------------------------------------------------+
| Field       | Value                                           |
+-------------+-------------------------------------------------+
| fingerprint | 52:32:e8:73:23:cc:4e:8a:15:4f:13:14:48:8f:2b:50 |
| name        | mykey                                           |
| user_id     | 131ac57aad644676918e3dd628425447                |
+-------------+-------------------------------------------------+

ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack keypair list

+-------+-------------------------------------------------+
| Name  | Fingerprint                                     |
+-------+-------------------------------------------------+
| mykey | 52:32:e8:73:23:cc:4e:8a:15:4f:13:14:48:8f:2b:50 |
+-------+-------------------------------------------------+

ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
netID=$(openstack network list | grep sharednet1 | awk '{ print $2 }')

# create and boot an instance

ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack server create --flavor m1.small --image Ubuntu1804 --security-group secgroup01 --nic net-id=$netID --key-name mykey Ubuntu_1804
+-----------------------------+---------------------------------------------------+
| Field                       | Value                                             |
+-----------------------------+---------------------------------------------------+
| OS-DCF:diskConfig           | MANUAL                                            |
| OS-EXT-AZ:availability_zone |                                                   |
| OS-EXT-STS:power_state      | NOSTATE                                           |
| OS-EXT-STS:task_state       | scheduling                                        |
| OS-EXT-STS:vm_state         | building                                          |
| OS-SRV-USG:launched_at      | None                                              |
| OS-SRV-USG:terminated_at    | None                                              |
| accessIPv4                  |                                                   |
| accessIPv6                  |                                                   |
| addresses                   |                                                   |
| adminPass                   | Z7PUSwHoM4Nz                                      |
| config_drive                |                                                   |
| created                     | 2019-04-11T05:56:04Z                              |
| flavor                      | m1.small (0)                                      |
| hostId                      |                                                   |
| id                          | e933cf7c-9651-47d9-9a25-6a6879844a69              |
| image                       | Ubuntu1804 (7690a3c0-99f7-40fe-8cde-343824edc74a) |
| key_name                    | mykey                                             |
| name                        | Ubuntu_1804                                       |
| progress                    | 0                                                 |
| project_id                  | 47bbc20de1664134814c07e4ff2b93df                  |
| properties                  |                                                   |
| security_groups             | name='257f3400-74fd-4087-a349-b31b48855690'       |
| status                      | BUILD                                             |
| updated                     | 2019-04-11T05:56:05Z                              |
| user_id                     | 131ac57aad644676918e3dd628425447                  |
| volumes_attached            |                                                   |
+-----------------------------+---------------------------------------------------+

# show status ([BUILD] status is shown when building instance)

ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack server list

+--------------------------------------+-------------+--------+----------+------------+----------+
| ID                                   | Name        | Status | Networks | Image      | Flavor   |
+--------------------------------------+-------------+--------+----------+------------+----------+
| e933cf7c-9651-47d9-9a25-6a6879844a69 | Ubuntu_1804 | BUILD  |          | Ubuntu1804 | m1.small |
+--------------------------------------+-------------+--------+----------+------------+----------+

# when starting noramlly, the status turns to [ACTIVE]

ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack server list

+--------------------------------------+-------------+--------+-----------------------+------------+----------+
| ID                                   | Name        | Status | Networks              | Image      | Flavor   |
+--------------------------------------+-------------+--------+-----------------------+------------+----------+
| e933cf7c-9651-47d9-9a25-6a6879844a69 | Ubuntu_1804 | ACTIVE | sharednet1=10.0.0.232 | Ubuntu1804 | m1.small |
+--------------------------------------+-------------+--------+-----------------------+------------+----------+
[2] Configure security settings for the security group you created above to access with SSH and ICMP.
# permit ICMP

ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack security group rule create --protocol icmp --ingress secgroup01

+-------------------+--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| Field             | Value                                                                                                  |
+-------------------+--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| created_at        | 2019-04-11T05:58:47Z                                                                                   |
| description       |                                                                                                        |
| direction         | ingress                                                                                                |
| ether_type        | IPv4                                                                                                   |
| id                | 14e3675b-4bf8-454b-9a9f-0314e5909bb5                                                                   |
| location          | Munch({'project': Munch({'domain_name': 'default', 'domain_id': None, 'name': 'hiroshima', 'id': u...) |
| name              | None                                                                                                   |
| port_range_max    | None                                                                                                   |
| port_range_min    | None                                                                                                   |
| project_id        | 47bbc20de1664134814c07e4ff2b93df                                                                       |
| protocol          | icmp                                                                                                   |
| remote_group_id   | None                                                                                                   |
| remote_ip_prefix  | 0.0.0.0/0                                                                                              |
| revision_number   | 0                                                                                                      |
| security_group_id | 257f3400-74fd-4087-a349-b31b48855690                                                                   |
| tags              | []                                                                                                     |
| updated_at        | 2019-04-11T05:58:47Z                                                                                   |
+-------------------+--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+

# permit SSH

ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack security group rule create --protocol tcp --dst-port 22:22 secgroup01

+-------------------+--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| Field             | Value                                                                                                  |
+-------------------+--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| created_at        | 2019-04-11T05:59:22Z                                                                                   |
| description       |                                                                                                        |
| direction         | ingress                                                                                                |
| ether_type        | IPv4                                                                                                   |
| id                | 53e4a27f-9eaf-4587-87d0-f06b640b6ef9                                                                   |
| location          | Munch({'project': Munch({'domain_name': 'default', 'domain_id': None, 'name': 'hiroshima', 'id': u...) |
| name              | None                                                                                                   |
| port_range_max    | 22                                                                                                     |
| port_range_min    | 22                                                                                                     |
| project_id        | 47bbc20de1664134814c07e4ff2b93df                                                                       |
| protocol          | tcp                                                                                                    |
| remote_group_id   | None                                                                                                   |
| remote_ip_prefix  | 0.0.0.0/0                                                                                              |
| revision_number   | 0                                                                                                      |
| security_group_id | 257f3400-74fd-4087-a349-b31b48855690                                                                   |
| tags              | []                                                                                                     |
| updated_at        | 2019-04-11T05:59:22Z                                                                                   |
+-------------------+--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+

ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack security group rule list

+--------------------------------------+-------------+-----------+------------+--------------------------------------+--------------------------------------+
| ID                                   | IP Protocol | IP Range  | Port Range | Remote Security Group                | Security Group                       |
+--------------------------------------+-------------+-----------+------------+--------------------------------------+--------------------------------------+
| 0cd872cb-25e2-4383-842a-ac8c3a35eadf | None        | None      |            | None                                 | aa4c9504-2cab-404c-8f75-cca4fbfb4093 |
| 14e3675b-4bf8-454b-9a9f-0314e5909bb5 | icmp        | 0.0.0.0/0 |            | None                                 | 257f3400-74fd-4087-a349-b31b48855690 |
| 382b1b1c-2619-415f-9118-deaeee3de546 | None        | None      |            | None                                 | aa4c9504-2cab-404c-8f75-cca4fbfb4093 |
| 53e4a27f-9eaf-4587-87d0-f06b640b6ef9 | tcp         | 0.0.0.0/0 | 22:22      | None                                 | 257f3400-74fd-4087-a349-b31b48855690 |
| 8731f52b-5025-463a-be51-8515912e4611 | None        | None      |            | aa4c9504-2cab-404c-8f75-cca4fbfb4093 | aa4c9504-2cab-404c-8f75-cca4fbfb4093 |
| 911ff2c1-9d18-41b8-92f5-da86c8777613 | None        | None      |            | None                                 | 257f3400-74fd-4087-a349-b31b48855690 |
| deda7937-c710-4ae4-ab11-16876bf353de | None        | None      |            | aa4c9504-2cab-404c-8f75-cca4fbfb4093 | aa4c9504-2cab-404c-8f75-cca4fbfb4093 |
| dfc1c19a-773c-42b8-be2f-8094fe53fe07 | None        | None      |            | None                                 | 257f3400-74fd-4087-a349-b31b48855690 |
+--------------------------------------+-------------+-----------+------------+--------------------------------------+--------------------------------------+
[3] Login to the instance with SSH.
ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack server list

+--------------------------------------+-------------+--------+-----------------------+------------+----------+
| ID                                   | Name        | Status | Networks              | Image      | Flavor   |
+--------------------------------------+-------------+--------+-----------------------+------------+----------+
| e933cf7c-9651-47d9-9a25-6a6879844a69 | Ubuntu_1804 | ACTIVE | sharednet1=10.0.0.232 | Ubuntu1804 | m1.small |
+--------------------------------------+-------------+--------+-----------------------+------------+----------+

ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
ping 10.0.0.232 -c3

PING 10.0.0.232 (10.0.0.232) 56(84) bytes of data.
64 bytes from 10.0.0.232: icmp_seq=1 ttl=64 time=2.07 ms
64 bytes from 10.0.0.232: icmp_seq=2 ttl=64 time=0.828 ms
64 bytes from 10.0.0.232: icmp_seq=3 ttl=64 time=0.827 ms

--- 10.0.0.232 ping statistics ---
3 packets transmitted, 3 received, 0% packet loss, time 2003ms
rtt min/avg/max/mdev = 0.827/1.243/2.074/0.587 ms

# login with SSH

ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
ssh ubuntu@10.0.0.232
The authenticity of host '10.0.0.232 (10.0.0.232)' can't be established.
ECDSA key fingerprint is SHA256:p8bYXVZZ3jp53OOcWOpYqDTP3l4qr7VgTSup0w47SA4.
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes
Warning: Permanently added '10.0.0.232' (ECDSA) to the list of known hosts.
Welcome to Ubuntu 18.04.2 LTS (GNU/Linux 4.15.0-47-generic x86_64)

 * Documentation:  https://help.ubuntu.com
 * Management:     https://landscape.canonical.com
 * Support:        https://ubuntu.com/advantage

  System information as of Thu Apr 11 15:00:52 JST 2019

  System load:  0.02              Processes:           88
  Usage of /:   19.6% of 8.80GB   Users logged in:     0
  Memory usage: 6%                IP address for ens3: 10.0.0.232
  Swap usage:   0%

 * Ubuntu's Kubernetes 1.14 distributions can bypass Docker and use containerd
   directly, see https://bit.ly/ubuntu-containerd or try it now with

     snap install microk8s --classic

2 packages can be updated.
0 updates are security updates.

ubuntu@ubuntu-1804:~$    
# just logined

[4] If you'd like to stop an instance, it's also possible to control with openstack command like follows.
ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack server list

+--------------------------------------+-------------+--------+-----------------------+------------+----------+
| ID                                   | Name        | Status | Networks              | Image      | Flavor   |
+--------------------------------------+-------------+--------+-----------------------+------------+----------+
| e933cf7c-9651-47d9-9a25-6a6879844a69 | Ubuntu_1804 | ACTIVE | sharednet1=10.0.0.232 | Ubuntu1804 | m1.small |
+--------------------------------------+-------------+--------+-----------------------+------------+----------+

# stop instance

ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack server stop Ubuntu_1804

ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack server list

+--------------------------------------+-------------+---------+-----------------------+------------+----------+
| ID                                   | Name        | Status  | Networks              | Image      | Flavor   |
+--------------------------------------+-------------+---------+-----------------------+------------+----------+
| e933cf7c-9651-47d9-9a25-6a6879844a69 | Ubuntu_1804 | SHUTOFF | sharednet1=10.0.0.232 | Ubuntu1804 | m1.small |
+--------------------------------------+-------------+---------+-----------------------+------------+----------+

# start instance

ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack server start Ubuntu_1804

ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack server list

+--------------------------------------+-------------+--------+-----------------------+------------+----------+
| ID                                   | Name        | Status | Networks              | Image      | Flavor   |
+--------------------------------------+-------------+--------+-----------------------+------------+----------+
| e933cf7c-9651-47d9-9a25-6a6879844a69 | Ubuntu_1804 | ACTIVE | sharednet1=10.0.0.232 | Ubuntu1804 | m1.small |
+--------------------------------------+-------------+--------+-----------------------+------------+----------+
[5] It's possible to access with Web browser to get VNC console.
ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack server list

+--------------------------------------+-------------+--------+-----------------------+------------+----------+
| ID                                   | Name        | Status | Networks              | Image      | Flavor   |
+--------------------------------------+-------------+--------+-----------------------+------------+----------+
| e933cf7c-9651-47d9-9a25-6a6879844a69 | Ubuntu_1804 | ACTIVE | sharednet1=10.0.0.232 | Ubuntu1804 | m1.small |
+--------------------------------------+-------------+--------+-----------------------+------------+----------+

ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack console url show Ubuntu_1804

+-------+--------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| Field | Value                                                                          |
+-------+--------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| type  | novnc                                                                          |
| url   | http://10.0.0.30:6080/vnc_auto.html?token=65bdb428-cff4-4283-827b-02489f477bf3 |
+-------+--------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
[6] Access to the URL which was displayed by the command above.
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