Ubuntu 18.04
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OpenStack Rocky : Boot Instances
2018/09/17
 
Create and Start Virtual Machine Instance.
[1] Login with a user and create a config for authentication of Keystyone. The username or password in the config are just the one you added in keystone like here. Next Create and run an instance.
ubuntu@dlp:~$
vi ~/keystonerc
export OS_PROJECT_DOMAIN_NAME=default
export OS_USER_DOMAIN_NAME=default
export OS_PROJECT_NAME=hiroshima
export OS_USERNAME=serverworld
export OS_PASSWORD=userpassword
export OS_AUTH_URL=http://10.0.0.30:5000/v3
export OS_IDENTITY_API_VERSION=3
export OS_IMAGE_API_VERSION=2
export PS1='\u@\h \W(keystone)\$ '
ubuntu@dlp:~$
chmod 600 ~/keystonerc

ubuntu@dlp:~$
source ~/keystonerc

ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
echo "source ~/keystonerc " >> ~/.bash_profile
# show flavor list

ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack flavor list

+----+----------+------+------+-----------+-------+-----------+
| ID | Name     |  RAM | Disk | Ephemeral | VCPUs | Is Public |
+----+----------+------+------+-----------+-------+-----------+
| 0  | m1.small | 2048 |   10 |         0 |     1 | True      |
+----+----------+------+------+-----------+-------+-----------+

# show image list

ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack image list

+--------------------------------------+------------+--------+
| ID                                   | Name       | Status |
+--------------------------------------+------------+--------+
| 7df9e97e-96aa-45f9-8ffb-fa8685283a70 | Ubuntu1804 | active |
+--------------------------------------+------------+--------+

# show network list

ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack network list

+--------------------------------------+------------+--------------------------------------+
| ID                                   | Name       | Subnets                              |
+--------------------------------------+------------+--------------------------------------+
| 7c3d229f-7cfb-4451-af6b-b77f9b2ad1e1 | sharednet1 | c3f4a8f5-b8fa-4b6e-8286-fcf4428ec477 |
+--------------------------------------+------------+--------------------------------------+

# create a security group for instances

ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack security group create secgroup01

+-----------------+-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| Field           | Value                                                                                                                                                 |
+-----------------+-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| created_at      | 2018-09-12T01:40:01Z                                                                                                                                  |
| description     | secgroup01                                                                                                                                            |
| id              | cef9ebb4-0336-4a84-b994-fd2d577ff1e4                                                                                                                  |
| name            | secgroup01                                                                                                                                            |
| project_id      | e8f6d97f3edb41fe827cb8b4cb471b95                                                                                                                      |
| revision_number | 1                                                                                                                                                     |
| rules           | created_at='2018-09-12T01:40:01Z', direction='egress', ethertype='IPv4', id='6902fe4c-b2b8-4025-9576-8b120532ddfb', updated_at='2018-09-12T01:40:01Z' |
|                 | created_at='2018-09-12T01:40:01Z', direction='egress', ethertype='IPv6', id='e08b65da-c523-411b-9092-29542b17606f', updated_at='2018-09-12T01:40:01Z' |
| tags            | []                                                                                                                                                    |
| updated_at      | 2018-09-12T01:40:01Z                                                                                                                                  |
+-----------------+-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+

ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack security group list

+--------------------------------------+------------+------------------------+----------------------------------+------+
| ID                                   | Name       | Description            | Project                          | Tags |
+--------------------------------------+------------+------------------------+----------------------------------+------+
| 7748fd6c-d5fc-4e68-bd09-b3866128af9a | default    | Default security group | e8f6d97f3edb41fe827cb8b4cb471b95 | []   |
| cef9ebb4-0336-4a84-b994-fd2d577ff1e4 | secgroup01 | secgroup01             | e8f6d97f3edb41fe827cb8b4cb471b95 | []   |
+--------------------------------------+------------+------------------------+----------------------------------+------+

# create a SSH keypair for connecting to instances

ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
ssh-keygen -q -N ""

Enter file in which to save the key (/home/ubuntu/.ssh/id_rsa):
# add public-key

ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack keypair create --public-key ~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub mykey

+-------------+-------------------------------------------------+
| Field       | Value                                           |
+-------------+-------------------------------------------------+
| fingerprint | e3:af:60:f4:bc:38:9e:0b:19:9f:61:be:91:88:72:bd |
| name        | mykey                                           |
| user_id     | d05c0b9b4cb2488dbbc15e319c76c401                |
+-------------+-------------------------------------------------+

ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack keypair list

+-------+-------------------------------------------------+
| Name  | Fingerprint                                     |
+-------+-------------------------------------------------+
| mykey | e3:af:60:f4:bc:38:9e:0b:19:9f:61:be:91:88:72:bd |
+-------+-------------------------------------------------+

ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
netID=$(openstack network list | grep sharednet1 | awk '{ print $2 }')

# create and boot an instance

ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack server create --flavor m1.small --image Ubuntu1804 --security-group secgroup01 --nic net-id=$netID --key-name mykey Ubuntu_1804
+-----------------------------+---------------------------------------------------+
| Field                       | Value                                             |
+-----------------------------+---------------------------------------------------+
| OS-DCF:diskConfig           | MANUAL                                            |
| OS-EXT-AZ:availability_zone |                                                   |
| OS-EXT-STS:power_state      | NOSTATE                                           |
| OS-EXT-STS:task_state       | scheduling                                        |
| OS-EXT-STS:vm_state         | building                                          |
| OS-SRV-USG:launched_at      | None                                              |
| OS-SRV-USG:terminated_at    | None                                              |
| accessIPv4                  |                                                   |
| accessIPv6                  |                                                   |
| addresses                   |                                                   |
| adminPass                   | X4YzyTpxYCmM                                      |
| config_drive                |                                                   |
| created                     | 2018-09-12T04:27:08Z                              |
| flavor                      | m1.small (0)                                      |
| hostId                      |                                                   |
| id                          | 87d3a97d-2acc-490a-b94c-d567e0b89317              |
| image                       | Ubuntu1804 (7df9e97e-96aa-45f9-8ffb-fa8685283a70) |
| key_name                    | mykey                                             |
| name                        | Ubuntu_1804                                       |
| progress                    | 0                                                 |
| project_id                  | 42530f21bf47470ea9283b3ff9f26b5b                  |
| properties                  |                                                   |
| security_groups             | name='84806096-7de0-4e95-8e50-68ca586c685e'       |
| status                      | BUILD                                             |
| updated                     | 2018-09-12T04:27:08Z                              |
| user_id                     | a590047fbe8e4a8f9cc20b176a03f0b0                  |
| volumes_attached            |                                                   |
+-----------------------------+---------------------------------------------------+

# show status ([BUILD] status is shown when building instance)

ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack server list

+--------------------------------------+-------------+--------+----------+------------+----------+
| ID                                   | Name        | Status | Networks | Image      | Flavor   |
+--------------------------------------+-------------+--------+----------+------------+----------+
| 87d3a97d-2acc-490a-b94c-d567e0b89317 | Ubuntu_1804 | BUILD  |          | Ubuntu1804 | m1.small |
+--------------------------------------+-------------+--------+----------+------------+----------+

# when starting noramlly, the status turns to [ACTIVE]

ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack server list

+--------------------------------------+-------------+--------+-----------------------+------------+----------+
| ID                                   | Name        | Status | Networks              | Image      | Flavor   |
+--------------------------------------+-------------+--------+-----------------------+------------+----------+
| 87d3a97d-2acc-490a-b94c-d567e0b89317 | Ubuntu_1804 | ACTIVE | sharednet1=10.0.0.203 | Ubuntu1804 | m1.small |
+--------------------------------------+-------------+--------+-----------------------+------------+----------+
[2] Configure security settings for the security group you created above to access with SSH and ICMP.
# permit ICMP

ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack security group rule create --protocol icmp --ingress secgroup01

+-------------------+--------------------------------------+
| Field             | Value                                |
+-------------------+--------------------------------------+
| created_at        | 2018-09-12T04:51:42Z                 |
| description       |                                      |
| direction         | ingress                              |
| ether_type        | IPv4                                 |
| id                | c719567b-d50b-4c49-be93-7c0c9f3aefff |
| name              | None                                 |
| port_range_max    | None                                 |
| port_range_min    | None                                 |
| project_id        | 42530f21bf47470ea9283b3ff9f26b5b     |
| protocol          | icmp                                 |
| remote_group_id   | None                                 |
| remote_ip_prefix  | 0.0.0.0/0                            |
| revision_number   | 0                                    |
| security_group_id | 84806096-7de0-4e95-8e50-68ca586c685e |
| updated_at        | 2018-09-12T04:51:42Z                 |
+-------------------+--------------------------------------+

# permit SSH

ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack security group rule create --protocol tcp --dst-port 22:22 secgroup01

+-------------------+--------------------------------------+
| Field             | Value                                |
+-------------------+--------------------------------------+
| created_at        | 2018-09-12T04:51:57Z                 |
| description       |                                      |
| direction         | ingress                              |
| ether_type        | IPv4                                 |
| id                | d79df6f9-379f-419d-be40-e290c0fb5552 |
| name              | None                                 |
| port_range_max    | 22                                   |
| port_range_min    | 22                                   |
| project_id        | 42530f21bf47470ea9283b3ff9f26b5b     |
| protocol          | tcp                                  |
| remote_group_id   | None                                 |
| remote_ip_prefix  | 0.0.0.0/0                            |
| revision_number   | 0                                    |
| security_group_id | 84806096-7de0-4e95-8e50-68ca586c685e |
| updated_at        | 2018-09-12T04:51:57Z                 |
+-------------------+--------------------------------------+

ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack security group rule list

+--------------------------------------+-------------+-----------+------------+--------------------------------------+--------------------------------------+
| ID                                   | IP Protocol | IP Range  | Port Range | Remote Security Group                | Security Group                       |
+--------------------------------------+-------------+-----------+------------+--------------------------------------+--------------------------------------+
| 096c82c4-3d27-4cdf-8080-fe91890a9395 | None        | None      |            | None                                 | 4e3708dc-0b32-479c-aa16-d3ea209784ce |
| 0d1c865c-b7a5-4752-b78d-60bff2974f83 | None        | None      |            | None                                 | 84806096-7de0-4e95-8e50-68ca586c685e |
| 0e9c60c1-cfe0-4fb5-8237-c363becc13a9 | None        | None      |            | None                                 | 84806096-7de0-4e95-8e50-68ca586c685e |
| 426cd691-af75-4c9f-9eaf-8726a5376695 | None        | None      |            | 4e3708dc-0b32-479c-aa16-d3ea209784ce | 4e3708dc-0b32-479c-aa16-d3ea209784ce |
| 5688a833-5b5b-49a8-a02a-12ea32c7db27 | None        | None      |            | None                                 | 4e3708dc-0b32-479c-aa16-d3ea209784ce |
| 5e81e02e-1218-4545-8bb5-16f4844e63e7 | None        | None      |            | 4e3708dc-0b32-479c-aa16-d3ea209784ce | 4e3708dc-0b32-479c-aa16-d3ea209784ce |
| c719567b-d50b-4c49-be93-7c0c9f3aefff | icmp        | 0.0.0.0/0 |            | None                                 | 84806096-7de0-4e95-8e50-68ca586c685e |
| d79df6f9-379f-419d-be40-e290c0fb5552 | tcp         | 0.0.0.0/0 | 22:22      | None                                 | 84806096-7de0-4e95-8e50-68ca586c685e |
+--------------------------------------+-------------+-----------+------------+--------------------------------------+--------------------------------------+
[3] Login to the instance with SSH.
ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack server list

+--------------------------------------+-------------+--------+-----------------------+------------+----------+
| ID                                   | Name        | Status | Networks              | Image      | Flavor   |
+--------------------------------------+-------------+--------+-----------------------+------------+----------+
| 87d3a97d-2acc-490a-b94c-d567e0b89317 | Ubuntu_1804 | ACTIVE | sharednet1=10.0.0.203 | Ubuntu1804 | m1.small |
+--------------------------------------+-------------+--------+-----------------------+------------+----------+

ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
ping 10.0.0.203 -c3

PING 10.0.0.203 (10.0.0.203) 56(84) bytes of data.
64 bytes from 10.0.0.203: icmp_seq=1 ttl=64 time=2.54 ms
64 bytes from 10.0.0.203: icmp_seq=2 ttl=64 time=0.841 ms
64 bytes from 10.0.0.203: icmp_seq=3 ttl=64 time=0.690 ms

--- 10.0.0.203 ping statistics ---
3 packets transmitted, 3 received, 0% packet loss, time 2003ms
rtt min/avg/max/mdev = 0.690/1.358/2.543/0.840 ms

# login with SSH

ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
ssh ubuntu@10.0.0.203
The authenticity of host '10.0.0.203 (10.0.0.203)' can't be established.
ECDSA key fingerprint is SHA256:c3l1JE8mIGMuRXBveXOdNPYOKMwGvdtmbH07ryI6DVM.
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes
Warning: Permanently added '10.0.0.203' (ECDSA) to the list of known hosts.
Welcome to Ubuntu 18.04.1 LTS (GNU/Linux 4.15.0-34-generic x86_64)

 * Documentation:  https://help.ubuntu.com
 * Management:     https://landscape.canonical.com
 * Support:        https://ubuntu.com/advantage

  System information as of Wed Sep 12 13:54:02 JST 2018

  System load:  0.0               Processes:           87
  Usage of /:   19.7% of 8.80GB   Users logged in:     0
  Memory usage: 6%                IP address for ens3: 10.0.0.203
  Swap usage:   0%

 * Read about Ubuntu updates for L1 Terminal Fault Vulnerabilities
   (L1TF).

   - https://ubu.one/L1TF

 * Want to make a highly secure kiosk, smart display or touchscreen?
   Here's a step-by-step tutorial for a rainy weekend, or a startup.

   - https://bit.ly/secure-kiosk


0 packages can be updated.
0 updates are security updates.


Last login: Tue Sep 11 19:01:14 2018
ubuntu@ubuntu-1804:~$    
# just logined

[4] If you'd like to stop an instance, it's also possible to control with openstack command like follows.
ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack server list

+--------------------------------------+-------------+--------+-----------------------+------------+----------+
| ID                                   | Name        | Status | Networks              | Image      | Flavor   |
+--------------------------------------+-------------+--------+-----------------------+------------+----------+
| 87d3a97d-2acc-490a-b94c-d567e0b89317 | Ubuntu_1804 | ACTIVE | sharednet1=10.0.0.203 | Ubuntu1804 | m1.small |
+--------------------------------------+-------------+--------+-----------------------+------------+----------+

# stop instance

ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack server stop Ubuntu_1804

ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack server list

+--------------------------------------+-------------+---------+-----------------------+------------+----------+
| ID                                   | Name        | Status  | Networks              | Image      | Flavor   |
+--------------------------------------+-------------+---------+-----------------------+------------+----------+
| 87d3a97d-2acc-490a-b94c-d567e0b89317 | Ubuntu_1804 | SHUTOFF | sharednet1=10.0.0.203 | Ubuntu1804 | m1.small |
+--------------------------------------+-------------+---------+-----------------------+------------+----------+

# start instance

ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack server start Ubuntu_1804

ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack server list

+--------------------------------------+-------------+--------+-----------------------+------------+----------+
| ID                                   | Name        | Status | Networks              | Image      | Flavor   |
+--------------------------------------+-------------+--------+-----------------------+------------+----------+
| 87d3a97d-2acc-490a-b94c-d567e0b89317 | Ubuntu_1804 | ACTIVE | sharednet1=10.0.0.203 | Ubuntu1804 | m1.small |
+--------------------------------------+-------------+--------+-----------------------+------------+----------+
[5] It's possible to access with Web browser to get VNC console.
ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack server list

+--------------------------------------+-------------+--------+-----------------------+------------+----------+
| ID                                   | Name        | Status | Networks              | Image      | Flavor   |
+--------------------------------------+-------------+--------+-----------------------+------------+----------+
| 87d3a97d-2acc-490a-b94c-d567e0b89317 | Ubuntu_1804 | ACTIVE | sharednet1=10.0.0.203 | Ubuntu1804 | m1.small |
+--------------------------------------+-------------+--------+-----------------------+------------+----------+

ubuntu@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack console url show Ubuntu_1804

+-------+--------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| Field | Value                                                                          |
+-------+--------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| type  | novnc                                                                          |
| url   | http://10.0.0.30:6080/vnc_auto.html?token=52339a19-90fa-457a-a9c9-7a61abb8511b |
+-------+--------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
[6] Access to the URL which was displayed by the command above.
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