Ubuntu 18.04
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MariaDB : Replication Setting
2018/06/07
 
Configure MariaDB Replication settings. This configuration is general Master-Slave settings.
[1] Change settings and create a user for replication on MariaDB Matser Host.
root@www:~#
vi /etc/mysql/mariadb.conf.d/50-server.cnf
# line 29: change to IP of this host

bind-address =
10.0.0.31
# line 74: uncomment and change to any another ID

server-id =
101
# line 75: uncomment

log_bin = /var/log/mysql/mysql-bin.log
root@www:~#
systemctl restart mariadb
root@www:~#
mysql -u root -p

Enter password:
Welcome to the MariaDB monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MariaDB connection id is 31
Server version: 10.1.29-MariaDB-6 Ubuntu 18.04

Copyright (c) 2000, 2017, Oracle, MariaDB Corporation Ab and others.

Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.

# create user (set any password for 'password' section)
MariaDB [(none)]> grant replication slave on *.* to replica@'%' identified by 'password'; 
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

MariaDB [(none)]> flush privileges; 
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

MariaDB [(none)]> exit
Bye
[2]
[3] Change settings on Slave Host.
root@node01:~#
vi /etc/mysql/mariadb.conf.d/50-server.cnf
# line 29: change to IP of this host

bind-address =
10.0.0.51
# line 74: uncomment and change to another ID(different one from Master Host)

server-id =
102
# line 75: uncomment

log_bin = /var/log/mysql/mysql-bin.log
# line 80: add

# read only

read_only=1
# define own hostname

report-host=node01.srv.world
root@node01:~#
systemctl restart mariadb
[4] Get Dump-Data on Master Host.
root@www:~#
mysql -u root -p

Enter password:
Welcome to the MariaDB monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MariaDB connection id is 34
Server version: 10.1.29-MariaDB-6 Ubuntu 18.04

Copyright (c) 2000, 2017, Oracle, MariaDB Corporation Ab and others.

Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.

# lock all tables
MariaDB [(none)]> flush tables with read lock; 
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

# show status (remember File, Position value)
MariaDB [(none)]> show master status; 
+------------------+----------+--------------+------------------+
| File             | Position | Binlog_Do_DB | Binlog_Ignore_DB |
+------------------+----------+--------------+------------------+
| mysql-bin.000001 |      609 |              |                  |
+------------------+----------+--------------+------------------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

# remain the window above and open the another window and execute dump
root@www:~# mysqldump -u root -p --all-databases --lock-all-tables --events > mysql_dump.sql 
Enter password:

# back to the remained window and unlock
MariaDB [(none)]> unlock tables; 
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

MariaDB [(none)]> exit
Bye

# transfer the dump to Slave Host

root@www:~#
scp mysql_dump.sql ubuntu@node01.srv.world:/tmp/

ubuntu@node01.srv.world's password:
mysql_dump.sql 100% 466KB 47.6MB/s 00:00
[5] Configure replication settings on Slave Host.
It's OK all, make sure the settings work normally to create databases on Master Host.
# import dump from Master Host

root@node01:~#
mysql -u root -p < /tmp/mysql_dump.sql

Enter password:
root@node01:~#
mysql -u root -p

Enter password:
Welcome to the MariaDB monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MariaDB connection id is 34
Server version: 10.1.29-MariaDB-6 Ubuntu 18.04

Copyright (c) 2000, 2017, Oracle, MariaDB Corporation Ab and others.

Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.

MariaDB [(none)]> change master to 
    -> master_host='10.0.0.31',       # Master Hosts's IP
    -> master_user='replica',         # replication ID
    -> master_password='password',    # replication ID's password
    -> master_log_file='mysql-bin.000001',   # File value confirmed on Master
    -> master_log_pos=609;            # Position value confirmed on Master
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.23 sec)

# start replication
MariaDB [(none)]> start slave;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

# show status
MariaDB [(none)]> show slave status\G 
*************************** 1. row ***************************
               Slave_IO_State: Waiting for master to send event
                  Master_Host: 10.0.0.31
                  Master_User: replica
                  Master_Port: 3306
                Connect_Retry: 60
              Master_Log_File: mysql-bin.000001
          Read_Master_Log_Pos: 609
               Relay_Log_File: mysqld-relay-bin.000002
                Relay_Log_Pos: 537
        Relay_Master_Log_File: mysql-bin.000001
             Slave_IO_Running: Yes
            Slave_SQL_Running: Yes
              Replicate_Do_DB:
          Replicate_Ignore_DB:
           Replicate_Do_Table:
       Replicate_Ignore_Table:
      Replicate_Wild_Do_Table:
  Replicate_Wild_Ignore_Table:
                   Last_Errno: 0
                   Last_Error:
                 Skip_Counter: 0
          Exec_Master_Log_Pos: 609
              Relay_Log_Space: 836
              Until_Condition: None
               Until_Log_File:
                Until_Log_Pos: 0
           Master_SSL_Allowed: No
           Master_SSL_CA_File:
           Master_SSL_CA_Path:
              Master_SSL_Cert:
            Master_SSL_Cipher:
               Master_SSL_Key:
        Seconds_Behind_Master: 0
Master_SSL_Verify_Server_Cert: No
                Last_IO_Errno: 0
                Last_IO_Error:
               Last_SQL_Errno: 0
               Last_SQL_Error:
  Replicate_Ignore_Server_Ids:
             Master_Server_Id: 101
               Master_SSL_Crl:
           Master_SSL_Crlpath:
                   Using_Gtid: No
                  Gtid_IO_Pos:
      Replicate_Do_Domain_Ids:
  Replicate_Ignore_Domain_Ids:
                Parallel_Mode: conservative
1 row in set (0.00 sec)
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