Ubuntu 16.04
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Create Virtual Machine#1
2016/05/15
 
Install GuestOS and create Virtual Machine. This example shows to install Ubuntu.
[1] Create a Virtual Machine on text mode via network, it's OK on Console or remote connection with Putty and so on.
root@dlp:~#
apt-get -y install libosinfo-bin libguestfs-tools virt-top
# create a storage pool

root@dlp:~#
mkdir -p /var/kvm/images

root@dlp:~#
virt-install \
--name template \
--ram 4096 \
--disk path=/var/kvm/images/template.img,size=30 \
--vcpus 2 \
--os-type linux \
--os-variant ubuntu16.04 \
--network bridge=br0 \
--graphics none \
--console pty,target_type=serial \
--location 'http://jp.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/dists/xenial/main/installer-amd64/' \
--extra-args 'console=ttyS0,115200n8 serial'
Starting install...    
# installation starts


# after installation, back to KVM host and shutdown the guest like follows

root@dlp:~#
virsh shutdown template

Domain template is being shutdown
# mount guest's disk and enable a service like follows

root@dlp:~#
guestmount -d template -i /mnt

root@dlp:~#
ln -s /mnt/lib/systemd/system/getty@.service /mnt/etc/systemd/system/getty.target.wants/getty@ttyS0.service

root@dlp:~#
umount /mnt
# start guest again, if it's possible to connect to the guest's console, it's OK all

root@dlp:~#
virsh start template --console

Domain template started
Connected to domain template
Escape character is ^]

Ubuntu 16.04 LTS ubuntu ttyS0

ubuntu login:
 
For options, make sure 'man virt-install', there are many options.
--name
specify the name of Virtual Machine
--ram
specify the amount of memories of Virtual Machine
--disk path=xxx ,size=xxx
'path=' ⇒ specify the location of disks of Virtual Machine
'size=' ⇒ specify the amount of disks of Virtual Machine
--vcpus
specify the virtual CPUs
--os-type
specify the type of GuestOS
--os-variant
specify the kind of GuestOS - list all valid variant with the following command
# osinfo-query os
--network
specify network types of Virtual Machine
--graphics
specify the kind of graphics. if set 'none', it means nographics.
--console
specify the console type
--location
specify the location of installation where from
--extra-args
specify parameters that is set in kernel

[2] Move to GuestOS to HostOS with Ctrl + ] key.
Move to HostOS to GuestOS with a command 'virsh console (name of virtual machine)'.
xerus@ubuntu:~$    
# Ctrl + ]

root@dlp:~#    
# Host's console
root@dlp:~#
virsh console template
 
# move to Guest

Connected to domain template
Escape character is ^]    
# Enter key
xerus@ubuntu:~$    
# Guest's console
[3] It's easy to clone a virtual machine from existing one to new like follows.
# Host's console

root@dlp:~#
virt-clone --original template --name ubuntu1604 --file /var/kvm/images/ubuntu1604.img

Allocating 'ubuntu1604.img'                     |  30 GB     01:02

Clone 'ubuntu1604' created successfully.
root@dlp:~#
ll /var/kvm/images/ubuntu1604.img

-rw------- 1 root root 1899888640 May 16 21:05 /var/kvm/images/ubuntu1604.img
root@dlp:~#
ll /etc/libvirt/qemu/ubuntu1604.xml

-rw------- 1 root root 2694 May 16 21:05 /etc/libvirt/qemu/ubuntu1604.xml
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