Rocky_Linux_8
Sponsored Link

Lynis : Install
2021/08/26
 
Install Lynis which is the Security Audit Tool.
[1] Install Lynis.
# install from EPEL

[root@dlp ~]#
dnf --enablerepo=epel -y install lynis
[2] This is the Basic usage of Lynis.
# run like follows for initial scanning

[root@dlp ~]#
lynis audit system


[ Lynis 3.0.6 ]

################################################################################
  Lynis comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY. This is free software, and you are
  welcome to redistribute it under the terms of the GNU General Public License.
  See the LICENSE file for details about using this software.

  2007-2021, CISOfy - https://cisofy.com/lynis/
  Enterprise support available (compliance, plugins, interface and tools)
################################################################################


[+] Initializing program
------------------------------------
  - Detecting OS...                                           [ DONE ]
  - Checking profiles...                                      [ DONE ]

  ---------------------------------------------------
  Program version:           3.0.6
  Operating system:          Linux
  Operating system name:     Rocky Linux
  Operating system version:  8.4
  Kernel version:            4.18.0
  Hardware platform:         x86_64
  Hostname:                  dlp
  ---------------------------------------------------
  Profiles:                  /etc/lynis/default.prf
  Log file:                  /var/log/lynis.log
  Report file:               /var/log/lynis-report.dat
  Report version:            1.0
  Plugin directory:          /usr/share/lynis/plugins
  ---------------------------------------------------
  Auditor:                   [Not Specified]
  Language:                  en
  Test category:             all
  Test group:                all
  ---------------------------------------------------
  - Program update status...                                  [ NO UPDATE ]

.....
.....

====================================

  Lynis security scan details:

  Hardening index : 65 [#############       ]
  Tests performed : 250
  Plugins enabled : 0

  Components:
  - Firewall               [V]
  - Malware scanner        [V]

  Scan mode:
  Normal [V]  Forensics [ ]  Integration [ ]  Pentest [ ]

  Lynis modules:
  - Compliance status      [?]
  - Security audit         [V]
  - Vulnerability scan     [V]

  Files:
  - Test and debug information      : /var/log/lynis.log
  - Report data                     : /var/log/lynis-report.dat

====================================

  Lynis 3.0.6

  Auditing, system hardening, and compliance for UNIX-based systems
  (Linux, macOS, BSD, and others)

  2007-2021, CISOfy - https://cisofy.com/lynis/
  Enterprise support available (compliance, plugins, interface and tools)

====================================

  [TIP]: Enhance Lynis audits by adding your settings to custom.prf (see /etc/lynis/default.prf for all settings)
[3] The report of scanning result is saved on [/var/log/lynis-report.dat].
Search the file with words [warning] or [suggestion], then it shows recommended settings like follows.
[root@dlp ~]#
grep -E "^warning|^suggestion" /var/log/lynis-report.dat

suggestion[]=KRNL-5820|If not required, consider explicit disabling of core dump in /etc/security/limits.conf file|-|-|
suggestion[]=AUTH-9229|Check PAM configuration, add rounds if applicable and expire passwords to encrypt with new values|-|-|
suggestion[]=AUTH-9230|Configure password hashing rounds in /etc/login.defs|-|-|
suggestion[]=AUTH-9282|When possible set expire dates for all password protected accounts|-|-|
suggestion[]=AUTH-9286|Configure minimum password age in /etc/login.defs|-|-|
suggestion[]=AUTH-9286|Configure maximum password age in /etc/login.defs|-|-|
suggestion[]=AUTH-9328|Default umask in /etc/profile or /etc/profile.d/custom.sh could be more strict (e.g. 027)|-|-|
suggestion[]=AUTH-9328|Default umask in /etc/login.defs could be more strict like 027|-|-|
suggestion[]=FILE-6310|To decrease the impact of a full /home file system, place /home on a separate partition|-|-|
suggestion[]=FILE-6310|To decrease the impact of a full /tmp file system, place /tmp on a separate partition|-|-|
suggestion[]=FILE-6310|To decrease the impact of a full /var file system, place /var on a separate partition|-|-|
suggestion[]=FILE-6410|The database required for 'locate' could not be found. Run 'updatedb' or 'locate.updatedb' to create this file.|-|-|
suggestion[]=USB-1000|Disable drivers like USB storage when not used, to prevent unauthorized storage or data theft|-|-|
suggestion[]=STRG-1846|Disable drivers like firewire storage when not used, to prevent unauthorized storage or data theft|-|-|
suggestion[]=NAME-4404|Add the IP name and FQDN to /etc/hosts for proper name resolving|-|-|
warning[]=NETW-2705|Couldn't find 2 responsive nameservers|-|-|
suggestion[]=NETW-2705|Check your resolv.conf file and fill in a backup nameserver if possible|-|-|
suggestion[]=NETW-3200|Determine if protocol 'dccp' is really needed on this system|-|-|
suggestion[]=NETW-3200|Determine if protocol 'sctp' is really needed on this system|-|-|
suggestion[]=NETW-3200|Determine if protocol 'rds' is really needed on this system|-|-|
suggestion[]=NETW-3200|Determine if protocol 'tipc' is really needed on this system|-|-|
warning[]=FIRE-4512|iptables module(s) loaded, but no rules active|-|-|
suggestion[]=SSH-7408|Consider hardening SSH configuration|AllowTcpForwarding (set YES to NO)|-|
suggestion[]=SSH-7408|Consider hardening SSH configuration|ClientAliveCountMax (set 3 to 2)|-|
suggestion[]=SSH-7408|Consider hardening SSH configuration|Compression (set YES to NO)|-|
suggestion[]=SSH-7408|Consider hardening SSH configuration|LogLevel (set INFO to VERBOSE)|-|
suggestion[]=SSH-7408|Consider hardening SSH configuration|MaxAuthTries (set 6 to 3)|-|
suggestion[]=SSH-7408|Consider hardening SSH configuration|MaxSessions (set 10 to 2)|-|
suggestion[]=SSH-7408|Consider hardening SSH configuration|PermitRootLogin (set YES to (FORCED-COMMANDS-ONLY|NO|PROHIBIT-PASSWORD|WITHOUT-PASSWORD))|-|
suggestion[]=SSH-7408|Consider hardening SSH configuration|Port (set 22 to )|-|
suggestion[]=SSH-7408|Consider hardening SSH configuration|TCPKeepAlive (set YES to NO)|-|
suggestion[]=SSH-7408|Consider hardening SSH configuration|X11Forwarding (set YES to NO)|-|
suggestion[]=SSH-7408|Consider hardening SSH configuration|AllowAgentForwarding (set YES to NO)|-|
suggestion[]=LOGG-2154|Enable logging to an external logging host for archiving purposes and additional protection|-|-|
suggestion[]=LOGG-2190|Check what deleted files are still in use and why.|-|-|
suggestion[]=BANN-7126|Add a legal banner to /etc/issue, to warn unauthorized users|-|-|
suggestion[]=BANN-7130|Add legal banner to /etc/issue.net, to warn unauthorized users|-|-|
suggestion[]=ACCT-9626|Enable sysstat to collect accounting (no results)|-|-|
suggestion[]=ACCT-9630|Audit daemon is enabled with an empty ruleset. Disable the daemon or define rules|-|-|
suggestion[]=TOOL-5002|Determine if automation tools are present for system management|-|-|
suggestion[]=FILE-7524|Consider restricting file permissions|See screen output or log file|text:Use chmod to change file permissions|
suggestion[]=KRNL-6000|One or more sysctl values differ from the scan profile and could be tweaked||Change sysctl value or disable test (skip-test=KRNL-6000:<sysctl-key>)|
suggestion[]=HRDN-7222|Harden compilers like restricting access to root user only|-|-|
Matched Content