Rocky_Linux_8
Sponsored Link

KVM : Create Virtual Machine
2021/07/27
 
Install GuestOS and Create a Virtual Machine. This example shows to create VM with installing Rocky Linux 8.
[1] On this example, Download an ISO file of Rocky Linux 8 on a directory first and Install GuestOS from the ISO on the text mode.
It's OK on the console or remote connection via SSH and so on.
Furthermore, Virtual Machine's images are placed at [/var/lib/libvirt/images] by default as a Storage Pool, but this example shows to create and use a new Storage Pool. (OK to use any place you like)
# create a Storage Pool directory

[root@dlp ~]#
mkdir -p /var/kvm/images

[root@dlp ~]#
virt-install \
--name rocky8 \
--ram 4096 \
--disk path=/var/kvm/images/rocky8.img,size=30 \
--vcpus 2 \
--os-variant rhel8.4 \
--network bridge=br0 \
--graphics none \
--console pty,target_type=serial \
--location /home/Rocky-8.4-x86_64-dvd1.iso \
--extra-args 'console=ttyS0,115200n8 serial'
Starting install...  
# installation starts
The example of options above means like follows. There are many options for others, make sure with [man virt-install].
--name specify the name of Virtual Machine
--ram specify the amount of memory of Virtual Machine
--disk path=xxx,size=xxx [path=xxx] : specify the location of disks of Virtual Machine (default is [/var/lib/libvirt/images])
[size=xxx] : specify the amount of disk of Virtual Machine
--vcpus specify the virtual CPUs
--os-variant specify the kind of GuestOS
possible to show the list of available OS with the command below
[# osinfo-query os]
--network specify network type of Virtual Machine
--graphics specify the kind of graphics
possible to specify spice, vnc, none and so on
--console specify the console type
--location specify the location of installation source where from
--extra-args specify parameters that are set in Kernel

[2] For installing on text mode, it's the same with common installation procedure.
After finishing installation, restart computer and then login prompt is shown like follwos.
Rocky Linux 8.4 (Green Obsidian)
Kernel 4.18.0-305.3.1.el8_4.x86_64 on an x86_64

Activate the web console with: systemctl enable --now cockpit.socket

localhost login:
[3] Move to GuestOS to HostOS with Ctrl + ] key.
Move to HostOS to GuestOS with a command [virsh console (name of virtual machine)].
[root@localhost ~]#      # Ctrl + ] key
[root@dlp ~]#            # Host's console

[root@dlp ~]# virsh console rocky8    # switch to Guest's console
Connected to domain centos-st8
Escape character is ^]   # Enter key

[root@localhost ~]#      # Guest's console
[4] It's easy to replicate a copy VM from current VM with a command below.
[root@dlp ~]#
virt-clone --original rocky8 --name template --file /var/kvm/images/template.img

Allocating 'template.img'                                   |  30 GB  00:02

Clone 'template' created successfully.

# disk image

[root@dlp ~]#
ll /var/kvm/images/template.img

-rw-------. 1 root root 2310012928 Jul 27 10:13 /var/kvm/images/template.img
# configuration file

[root@dlp ~]#
ll /etc/libvirt/qemu/template.xml

-rw-------. 1 root root 4923 Jul 27 10:13 /etc/libvirt/qemu/template.xml
Matched Content