Fedora 40
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FTP : Vsftpd Over SSL/TLS2024/05/15

Enable SSL/TLS for Vsftpd to use secure FTP connections.
[1] Create self-signed certificates.
But if you use valid certificates like from Let's Encrypt or others, you don't need to create this one.
[root@www ~]#
cd /etc/pki/tls/certs

[root@www certs]#
openssl req -x509 -nodes -newkey rsa:3072 -keyout vsftpd.pem -out vsftpd.pem -days 3650

You are about to be asked to enter information that will be incorporated
into your certificate request.
What you are about to enter is what is called a Distinguished Name or a DN.
There are quite a few fields but you can leave some blank
For some fields there will be a default value,
If you enter '.', the field will be left blank.
Country Name (2 letter code) [XX]:JP                                    # country code
State or Province Name (full name) []:Hiroshima                         # State
Locality Name (eg, city) [Default City]:Hiroshima                       # city
Organization Name (eg, company) [Default Company Ltd]:GTS               # company
Organizational Unit Name (eg, section) []:Server World                  # department
Common Name (eg, your name or your server's hostname) []:www.srv.world  # server's FQDN
Email Address []:root@srv.world                                         # admin's email

[root@www certs]#
chmod 600 vsftpd.pem

[2] Configure Vsftpd. Configure basic settings before it, refer to here.
[root@www ~]#
vi /etc/vsftpd/vsftpd.conf
# add to last line (enable SSL/TLS)

[root@www ~]#
systemctl restart vsftpd

[3] If Firewalld is running, allow FTP related ports.
[root@www ~]#
vi /etc/vsftpd/vsftpd.conf
# add to the end : fix PASV ports

[root@www ~]#
systemctl restart vsftpd
[root@www ~]#
firewall-cmd --add-service=ftp

[root@www ~]#
firewall-cmd --add-port=21000-21100/tcp

[root@www ~]#
firewall-cmd --runtime-to-permanent

FTP Client : Fedora
Configure FTP Client to use FTPS connection.
[4] Install FTP Client and configure like follows.
[redhat@dlp ~]$
vi ~/.lftprc
# create new

set ftp:ssl-auth TLS
set ftp:ssl-force true
set ftp:ssl-protect-list yes
set ftp:ssl-protect-data yes
set ftp:ssl-protect-fxp yes
set ssl:verify-certificate no
[redhat@dlp ~]$
lftp -u fedora www.srv.world

lftp fedora@www.srv.world:~>
FTP Client : Windows
[5] For example of FileZilla on Windows,
Open [File] - [Site Manager].
[6] Input user info like follows, for encryption field, select [explicit FTP over TLS].
[7] User's Password is required. Input it.
[8] If you set self-signed certificate, following warning is shown, it's no problem. Go next.
[9] If settings are OK, it's possible to connect to FTP server with FTPS like follows.
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