Fedora 35
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PostgreSQL 14 : PostgreSQL over SSL/TLS
2021/11/17
 
Enable SSL/TLS connection to PostgreSQL.
[1]
Get SSL/TLS certificate or Create self signed certificate first.
It uses self signed certificate on this example.
[2] Copy certificates and configure PostgreSQL.
[root@www ~]#
cp /etc/pki/tls/certs/server.{crt,key} /var/lib/pgsql/data/

[root@www ~]#
chown postgres. /var/lib/pgsql/data/server.{crt,key}

[root@www ~]#
chmod 600 /var/lib/pgsql/data/server.{crt,key}

[root@www ~]#
vi /var/lib/pgsql/data/postgresql.conf
# line 105 : uncomment and change

ssl =
on
# line 107, 110 : uncomment and change to your certificate

#ssl_ca_file = ''
ssl_cert_file = '
server.crt
'
#ssl_crl_file = ''
#ssl_crl_dir = ''
ssl_key_file = '
server.key
'
[root@www ~]#
vi /var/lib/pgsql/data/pg_hba.conf
# line 81 and later : settings for authentication methods

# TYPE  DATABASE        USER            ADDRESS                 METHOD

# "local" is for Unix domain socket connections only
local   all             all                                     peer
# IPv4 local connections:
host    all             all             127.0.0.1/32            ident
# IPv6 local connections:
host    all             all             ::1/128                 ident
# Allow replication connections from localhost, by a user with the
# replication privilege.
local   replication     all                                     peer
host    replication     all             127.0.0.1/32            ident
host    replication     all             ::1/128                 ident
# add to the end
# [hostssl] ⇒ use TCP/IP connection only when enabling SSL/TLS
# [10.0.0.0/24] ⇒ allowed network to connect
# [md5] ⇒ use MD5 passdword method
hostssl all             all             10.0.0.0/24             md5

[root@www ~]#
systemctl restart postgresql
[3] Verify settings to connect to PostgreSQL Database from hosts in network you allowed to connect.
# no SSL/TLS on Unix socket connection

[fedora@www ~]$
psql testdb

psql (14.0)
Type "help" for help.

testdb=> \q

# on TCP/IP connection, SSL/TLS is enabled
# on SSL/TLS connection, messages [SSL connection ***] is shown

[fedora@www ~]$
psql -h www.srv.world testdb

Password for user fedora:
psql (14.0)
SSL connection (protocol: TLSv1.3, cipher: TLS_AES_256_GCM_SHA384, bits: 256, compression: off)
Type "help" for help.

testdb=> \q


# SSL/TLS is enabled from other hosts, too

[root@node01 ~]#
psql -h www.srv.world -d testdb -U fedora

Password for user fedora:
psql (14.0)
SSL connection (protocol: TLSv1.3, cipher: TLS_AES_256_GCM_SHA384, bits: 256, compression: off)
Type "help" for help.

testdb=>
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