Debian 11 Bullseye
Sponsored Link

OpenStack Victoria : Create Instances
2021/08/31
 
Create and Start Virtual Machine Instance.
[1] Login as a common user and create a config for authentication of Keystyone.
The username or password in the config are just the one you added in keystone like here.
Next Create and run an instance.
debian@dlp:~$
vi ~/keystonerc
export OS_PROJECT_DOMAIN_NAME=default
export OS_USER_DOMAIN_NAME=default
export OS_PROJECT_NAME=hiroshima
export OS_USERNAME=serverworld
export OS_PASSWORD=userpassword
export OS_AUTH_URL=http://10.0.0.30:5000/v3
export OS_IDENTITY_API_VERSION=3
export OS_IMAGE_API_VERSION=2
export PS1='\u@\h \W(keystone)\$ '
debian@dlp:~$
chmod 600 ~/keystonerc

debian@dlp:~$
source ~/keystonerc

debian@dlp ~(keystone)$
echo "source ~/keystonerc " >> ~/.bashrc
# confirm available [flavor] list

debian@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack flavor list

+----+----------+------+------+-----------+-------+-----------+
| ID | Name     |  RAM | Disk | Ephemeral | VCPUs | Is Public |
+----+----------+------+------+-----------+-------+-----------+
| 0  | m1.small | 2048 |   10 |         0 |     1 | True      |
+----+----------+------+------+-----------+-------+-----------+

# confirm available image list

debian@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack image list

+--------------------------------------+----------+--------+
| ID                                   | Name     | Status |
+--------------------------------------+----------+--------+
| 773971b3-b4be-4b07-aa06-fe8ca76b395d | Debian11 | active |
+--------------------------------------+----------+--------+

# confirm available network list

debian@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack network list

+--------------------------------------+------------+--------------------------------------+
| ID                                   | Name       | Subnets                              |
+--------------------------------------+------------+--------------------------------------+
| 487dfa9b-0503-4b4f-be43-83b10853035b | sharednet1 | 823a48aa-5525-421e-b75b-1a1e72fb44c6 |
+--------------------------------------+------------+--------------------------------------+

# create a security group for instances

debian@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack security group create secgroup01

+-----------------+---------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| Field           | Value                                                                     |
+-----------------+---------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| created_at      | 2021-08-31T02:50:00Z                                                      |
| description     | secgroup01                                                                |
| id              | 61304964-7245-48dd-ad73-25ed70d5bb8b                                      |
| name            | secgroup01                                                                |
| project_id      | b6ee2add98874535be40eb037884339d                                          |
| revision_number | 1                                                                         |
| rules           | created_at='2021-08-31T02:50:00Z', direction='egress', ethertype='I.....  |
|                 | created_at='2021-08-31T02:50:00Z', direction='egress', ethertype='I.....  |
| stateful        | True                                                                      |
| tags            | []                                                                        |
| updated_at      | 2021-08-31T02:50:00Z                                                      |
+-----------------+---------------------------------------------------------------------------+

debian@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack security group list

+--------------------------------------+------------+------------------------+----------------------------------+------+
| ID                                   | Name       | Description            | Project                          | Tags |
+--------------------------------------+------------+------------------------+----------------------------------+------+
| 61304964-7245-48dd-ad73-25ed70d5bb8b | secgroup01 | secgroup01             | b6ee2add98874535be40eb037884339d | []   |
| 6b10e301-4dbc-4b3a-a443-e5d3330a1033 | default    | Default security group | b6ee2add98874535be40eb037884339d | []   |
+--------------------------------------+------------+------------------------+----------------------------------+------+

# create a SSH keypair for connecting to instances

debian@dlp ~(keystone)$
ssh-keygen -q -N ""

Enter file in which to save the key (/home/debian/.ssh/id_rsa):
# add public-key

debian@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack keypair create --public-key ~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub mykey

+-------------+-------------------------------------------------+
| Field       | Value                                           |
+-------------+-------------------------------------------------+
| fingerprint | 1a:66:c0:0d:88:2b:d2:58:49:e8:0e:77:3a:f7:8a:25 |
| name        | mykey                                           |
| user_id     | 2a7dd329f1434536b12eb0784a9b3b98                |
+-------------+-------------------------------------------------+

debian@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack keypair list

+-------+-------------------------------------------------+
| Name  | Fingerprint                                     |
+-------+-------------------------------------------------+
| mykey | 1a:66:c0:0d:88:2b:d2:58:49:e8:0e:77:3a:f7:8a:25 |
+-------+-------------------------------------------------+

debian@dlp ~(keystone)$
netID=$(openstack network list | grep sharednet1 | awk '{ print $2 }')

# create and boot an instance

debian@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack server create --flavor m1.small --image Debian11 --security-group secgroup01 --nic net-id=$netID --key-name mykey Debian-11
+-----------------------------+-------------------------------------------------+
| Field                       | Value                                           |
+-----------------------------+-------------------------------------------------+
| OS-DCF:diskConfig           | MANUAL                                          |
| OS-EXT-AZ:availability_zone |                                                 |
| OS-EXT-STS:power_state      | NOSTATE                                         |
| OS-EXT-STS:task_state       | scheduling                                      |
| OS-EXT-STS:vm_state         | building                                        |
| OS-SRV-USG:launched_at      | None                                            |
| OS-SRV-USG:terminated_at    | None                                            |
| accessIPv4                  |                                                 |
| accessIPv6                  |                                                 |
| addresses                   |                                                 |
| adminPass                   | B6v5ChSF4qGk                                    |
| config_drive                |                                                 |
| created                     | 2021-08-31T02:52:33Z                            |
| flavor                      | m1.small (0)                                    |
| hostId                      |                                                 |
| id                          | 49b8a773-3df6-42c7-8c91-9a1b8146f50e            |
| image                       | Debian11 (773971b3-b4be-4b07-aa06-fe8ca76b395d) |
| key_name                    | mykey                                           |
| name                        | Debian-11                                       |
| progress                    | 0                                               |
| project_id                  | b6ee2add98874535be40eb037884339d                |
| properties                  |                                                 |
| security_groups             | name='61304964-7245-48dd-ad73-25ed70d5bb8b'     |
| status                      | BUILD                                           |
| updated                     | 2021-08-31T02:52:33Z                            |
| user_id                     | 2a7dd329f1434536b12eb0784a9b3b98                |
| volumes_attached            |                                                 |
+-----------------------------+-------------------------------------------------+

# show status ([BUILD] status is shown when building instance)

debian@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack server list

+--------------------------------------+-----------+--------+----------+----------+----------+
| ID                                   | Name      | Status | Networks | Image    | Flavor   |
+--------------------------------------+-----------+--------+----------+----------+----------+
| 49b8a773-3df6-42c7-8c91-9a1b8146f50e | Debian-11 | BUILD  |          | Debian11 | m1.small |
+--------------------------------------+-----------+--------+----------+----------+----------+

# when starting noramlly, the status turns to [ACTIVE]

debian@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack server list

+--------------------------------------+-----------+--------+-----------------------+----------+----------+
| ID                                   | Name      | Status | Networks              | Image    | Flavor   |
+--------------------------------------+-----------+--------+-----------------------+----------+----------+
| 49b8a773-3df6-42c7-8c91-9a1b8146f50e | Debian-11 | ACTIVE | sharednet1=10.0.0.205 | Debian11 | m1.small |
+--------------------------------------+-----------+--------+-----------------------+----------+----------+
[2] Configure security settings for the security group you created above to access with SSH and ICMP.
# permit ICMP

debian@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack security group rule create --protocol icmp --ingress secgroup01

+-------------------+--------------------------------------+
| Field             | Value                                |
+-------------------+--------------------------------------+
| created_at        | 2021-08-31T02:57:46Z                 |
| description       |                                      |
| direction         | ingress                              |
| ether_type        | IPv4                                 |
| id                | 2fba0220-0563-4584-9765-c624658198ef |
| name              | None                                 |
| port_range_max    | None                                 |
| port_range_min    | None                                 |
| project_id        | b6ee2add98874535be40eb037884339d     |
| protocol          | icmp                                 |
| remote_group_id   | None                                 |
| remote_ip_prefix  | 0.0.0.0/0                            |
| revision_number   | 0                                    |
| security_group_id | 61304964-7245-48dd-ad73-25ed70d5bb8b |
| tags              | []                                   |
| updated_at        | 2021-08-31T02:57:46Z                 |
+-------------------+--------------------------------------+

# permit SSH

debian@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack security group rule create --protocol tcp --dst-port 22:22 secgroup01

+-------------------+--------------------------------------+
| Field             | Value                                |
+-------------------+--------------------------------------+
| created_at        | 2021-08-31T02:58:01Z                 |
| description       |                                      |
| direction         | ingress                              |
| ether_type        | IPv4                                 |
| id                | 1ee565f0-81da-4002-838f-60258578f712 |
| name              | None                                 |
| port_range_max    | 22                                   |
| port_range_min    | 22                                   |
| project_id        | b6ee2add98874535be40eb037884339d     |
| protocol          | tcp                                  |
| remote_group_id   | None                                 |
| remote_ip_prefix  | 0.0.0.0/0                            |
| revision_number   | 0                                    |
| security_group_id | 61304964-7245-48dd-ad73-25ed70d5bb8b |
| tags              | []                                   |
| updated_at        | 2021-08-31T02:58:01Z                 |
+-------------------+--------------------------------------+

debian@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack security group rule list secgroup01

+--------------------------------------+-------------+-----------+-----------+------------+-----------------------+
| ID                                   | IP Protocol | Ethertype | IP Range  | Port Range | Remote Security Group |
+--------------------------------------+-------------+-----------+-----------+------------+-----------------------+
| 1ee565f0-81da-4002-838f-60258578f712 | tcp         | IPv4      | 0.0.0.0/0 | 22:22      | None                  |
| 2fba0220-0563-4584-9765-c624658198ef | icmp        | IPv4      | 0.0.0.0/0 |            | None                  |
| 325533f3-67a0-469e-aeac-8189bac78f7f | None        | IPv6      | ::/0      |            | None                  |
| 545b4d84-b0c1-45d0-907c-a9bc4483558d | None        | IPv4      | 0.0.0.0/0 |            | None                  |
+--------------------------------------+-------------+-----------+-----------+------------+-----------------------+
[3] Login to the instance with SSH.
debian@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack server list

+--------------------------------------+-----------+--------+-----------------------+----------+----------+
| ID                                   | Name      | Status | Networks              | Image    | Flavor   |
+--------------------------------------+-----------+--------+-----------------------+----------+----------+
| 49b8a773-3df6-42c7-8c91-9a1b8146f50e | Debian-11 | ACTIVE | sharednet1=10.0.0.205 | Debian11 | m1.small |
+--------------------------------------+-----------+--------+-----------------------+----------+----------+

debian@dlp ~(keystone)$
ping 10.0.0.205 -c3

PING 10.0.0.205 (10.0.0.205) 56(84) bytes of data.
64 bytes from 10.0.0.205: icmp_seq=1 ttl=64 time=0.717 ms
64 bytes from 10.0.0.205: icmp_seq=2 ttl=64 time=0.666 ms
64 bytes from 10.0.0.205: icmp_seq=3 ttl=64 time=0.714 ms

--- 10.0.0.205 ping statistics ---
3 packets transmitted, 3 received, 0% packet loss, time 2003ms
rtt min/avg/max/mdev = 0.666/0.699/0.717/0.023 ms

debian@dlp ~(keystone)$
ssh debian@10.0.0.205
The authenticity of host '10.0.0.205 (10.0.0.205)' can't be established.
ECDSA key fingerprint is SHA256:GvYC5JdZpM4+dYGVJ7EDetYHq9VkuR83F8eeaxaM0ZI.
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no/[fingerprint])? yes
Warning: Permanently added '10.0.0.205' (ECDSA) to the list of known hosts.
Linux debian-11 5.10.0-8-amd64 #1 SMP Debian 5.10.46-4 (2021-08-03) x86_64

The programs included with the Debian GNU/Linux system are free software;
the exact distribution terms for each program are described in the
individual files in /usr/share/doc/*/copyright.

Debian GNU/Linux comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY, to the extent
permitted by applicable law.

debian@debian-11:~$     # logined
[4] If you'd like to stop an instance, it's possible to control with openstack command like follows.
debian@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack server list

+--------------------------------------+-----------+--------+-----------------------+----------+----------+
| ID                                   | Name      | Status | Networks              | Image    | Flavor   |
+--------------------------------------+-----------+--------+-----------------------+----------+----------+
| 49b8a773-3df6-42c7-8c91-9a1b8146f50e | Debian-11 | ACTIVE | sharednet1=10.0.0.205 | Debian11 | m1.small |
+--------------------------------------+-----------+--------+-----------------------+----------+----------+

# stop instance

debian@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack server stop Debian-11

debian@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack server list

+--------------------------------------+-----------+---------+-----------------------+----------+----------+
| ID                                   | Name      | Status  | Networks              | Image    | Flavor   |
+--------------------------------------+-----------+---------+-----------------------+----------+----------+
| 49b8a773-3df6-42c7-8c91-9a1b8146f50e | Debian-11 | SHUTOFF | sharednet1=10.0.0.205 | Debian11 | m1.small |
+--------------------------------------+-----------+---------+-----------------------+----------+----------+

# start instance

debian@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack server start Debian-11

debian@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack server list

+--------------------------------------+-----------+--------+-----------------------+----------+----------+
| ID                                   | Name      | Status | Networks              | Image    | Flavor   |
+--------------------------------------+-----------+--------+-----------------------+----------+----------+
| 49b8a773-3df6-42c7-8c91-9a1b8146f50e | Debian-11 | ACTIVE | sharednet1=10.0.0.205 | Debian11 | m1.small |
+--------------------------------------+-----------+--------+-----------------------+----------+----------+
[5] It's possible to access with Web browser to get VNC console.
debian@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack server list

+--------------------------------------+-----------+--------+-----------------------+----------+----------+
| ID                                   | Name      | Status | Networks              | Image    | Flavor   |
+--------------------------------------+-----------+--------+-----------------------+----------+----------+
| 49b8a773-3df6-42c7-8c91-9a1b8146f50e | Debian-11 | ACTIVE | sharednet1=10.0.0.205 | Debian11 | m1.small |
+--------------------------------------+-----------+--------+-----------------------+----------+----------+

debian@dlp ~(keystone)$
openstack console url show Debian-11

+-------+------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| Field | Value                                                                                    |
+-------+------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| type  | novnc                                                                                    |
| url   | http://10.0.0.30:6080/vnc_auto.html?path=%3Ftoken%3Dfa899197-4749-4849-a5e6-1ea53cb1d9ed |
+-------+------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
[6] Access to the URL which was displayed by the command above.
Matched Content