CentOS Stream 8
Sponsored Link

MySQL 8.0 : Replication
2021/05/27
 
Configure MySQL Replication settings.
This configuration is general Primary/Replica settings.
[1]
[2]
On Primary Host, Configure SSL/TLS setting.
It's not requirements for Replication but some warnings is shown when configure replication setting because a user's password for replication is sent with plain text.
[3] On Primary Host, change settings and also create users for replication and clone.
[root@www ~]#
vi /etc/my.cnf.d/mysql-server.cnf
[mysqld]
# add follows in [mysqld] section : get binary logs

log-bin=mysql-bin
# define server ID (uniq one)

server-id=101
# enable clone plugin

plugin-load=mysql_clone.so
[root@www ~]#
systemctl restart mysqld

[root@www ~]#
mysql -u root -p

Enter password:
Welcome to the MySQL monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MySQL connection id is 8
Server version: 8.0.21 Source distribution

Copyright (c) 2000, 2020, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its
affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective
owners.

Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.

# create replication user
# set any password for [password] section
mysql> create user 'repl_user'@'%' identified by 'password';
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.10 sec)

mysql> grant replication slave on *.* to repl_user@'%'; 
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.05 sec)

# create clone user
# set any password for [password] section
mysql> create user 'clone_user'@'%' identified by 'password'; 
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.07 sec)

mysql> grant backup_admin on *.* to 'clone_user'@'%'; 
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.06 sec)

mysql> flush privileges; 
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

mysql> exit
Bye
[4] On Replica Host, change settings.
[root@node01 ~]#
vi /etc/my.cnf.d/mysql-server.cnf
[mysqld]
# add follows in [mysqld] section : get binary logs

log-bin=mysql-bin
relay-log=node01-relay-bin
relay-log-index=node01-relay-bin
# define server ID (uniq one)

server-id=102
# enable clone plugin

plugin-load=mysql_clone.so
# read only yes

read_only=1
# define own hostname

report-host=node01.srv.world
[root@node01 ~]#
systemctl restart mysqld

[root@node01 ~]#
mysql -u root -p

Enter password:
Welcome to the MySQL monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MySQL connection id is 8
Server version: 8.0.21 Source distribution

Copyright (c) 2000, 2020, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its
affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective
owners.

Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.

# create clone user
# set any password for [password] section
mysql> create user 'clone_user'@'%' identified by 'password'; 
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.07 sec)

mysql> grant clone_admin on *.* to 'clone_user'@'%'; 
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.06 sec)

mysql> flush privileges; 
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

mysql> exit
Bye
[5] On Replica Host, Run Clone job to copy data on Primary Host and Start replication.
After starting replication, verify replication works normally to create test database or insert test data and so on.
[root@node01 ~]#
mysql -u root -p

Enter password:
Welcome to the MySQL monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MySQL connection id is 9
Server version: 8.0.21 Source distribution

Copyright (c) 2000, 2020, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its
affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective
owners.

Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.

# [set global clone_valid_donor_list = (Master Host IP address:port)]
mysql> set global clone_valid_donor_list = '10.0.0.31:3306'; 
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

# start Clone
mysql> clone instance from clone_user@10.0.0.31:3306 identified by 'password'; 
Query OK, 0 rows affected (3.01 sec)

# confirm clone status
# Ok if status is [Completed]
mysql> select ID,STATE,SOURCE,DESTINATION,BINLOG_FILE,BINLOG_POSITION from performance_schema.clone_status; 
+------+-----------+----------------+----------------+------------------+-----------------+
| ID   | STATE     | SOURCE         | DESTINATION    | BINLOG_FILE      | BINLOG_POSITION |
+------+-----------+----------------+----------------+------------------+-----------------+
|    1 | Completed | 10.0.0.31:3306 | LOCAL INSTANCE | mysql-bin.000001 |            1057 |
+------+-----------+----------------+----------------+------------------+-----------------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

# replication settings
# master_host      ⇒ Primary Host IP address
# master_ssl       ⇒ enable SSL connection
# master_log_file  ⇒ specify [BINLOG_FILE] value it is displayed above
# master_log_pos   ⇒ specify [BINLOG_POSITION] value it is displayed above
mysql> change master to
master_host='10.0.0.31',
master_ssl=1,
master_log_file='mysql-bin.000001',
master_log_pos=1057;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.35 sec)

# start replication
# specify replication user and password for [user/password] value
mysql> start slave user='repl_user' password='password'; 
Query OK, 0 rows affected, 1 warning (0.07 sec)

# show status
mysql> show slave status\G 
*************************** 1. row ***************************
               Slave_IO_State: Waiting for master to send event
                  Master_Host: 10.0.0.31
                  Master_User: repl_user
                  Master_Port: 3306
                Connect_Retry: 60
              Master_Log_File: mysql-bin.000001
          Read_Master_Log_Pos: 1057
               Relay_Log_File: node01-relay-bin.000002
                Relay_Log_Pos: 324
        Relay_Master_Log_File: mysql-bin.000001
             Slave_IO_Running: Yes
            Slave_SQL_Running: Yes
              Replicate_Do_DB:
          Replicate_Ignore_DB:
           Replicate_Do_Table:
       Replicate_Ignore_Table:
      Replicate_Wild_Do_Table:
  Replicate_Wild_Ignore_Table:
                   Last_Errno: 0
                   Last_Error:
                 Skip_Counter: 0
          Exec_Master_Log_Pos: 1057
              Relay_Log_Space: 534
              Until_Condition: None
               Until_Log_File:
                Until_Log_Pos: 0
           Master_SSL_Allowed: Yes
           Master_SSL_CA_File:
           Master_SSL_CA_Path:
              Master_SSL_Cert:
            Master_SSL_Cipher:
               Master_SSL_Key:
        Seconds_Behind_Master: 0
Master_SSL_Verify_Server_Cert: No
                Last_IO_Errno: 0
                Last_IO_Error:
               Last_SQL_Errno: 0
               Last_SQL_Error:
  Replicate_Ignore_Server_Ids:
             Master_Server_Id: 101
                  Master_UUID: 540b3263-bea7-11eb-88ed-525400166149
             Master_Info_File: mysql.slave_master_info
                    SQL_Delay: 0
          SQL_Remaining_Delay: NULL
      Slave_SQL_Running_State: Slave has read all relay log; waiting for more updates
           Master_Retry_Count: 86400
                  Master_Bind:
      Last_IO_Error_Timestamp:
     Last_SQL_Error_Timestamp:
               Master_SSL_Crl:
           Master_SSL_Crlpath:
           Retrieved_Gtid_Set:
            Executed_Gtid_Set:
                Auto_Position: 0
         Replicate_Rewrite_DB:
                 Channel_Name:
           Master_TLS_Version:
       Master_public_key_path:
        Get_master_public_key: 0
            Network_Namespace:
1 row in set (0.00 sec)
Matched Content