CentOS 6
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Ceph : Configure Cluster
2014/06/29
 
Install distributed storage Ceph.
For example, Configure Ceph Cluster like following environment.
                                    |
     +------------------+           |           +-----------------+
     |  [ Admin Node ]  |10.0.0.80  |  10.0.0.30|  [ Client PC ]  |
     |   Ceph-Deploy    |-----------+-----------|                 |
     | Meta Data Server |           |           |                 |
     +------------------+           |           +-----------------+
                                    |
        +---------------------------+--------------------------+
        |                           |                          |
        |10.0.0.81                  |10.0.0.82                 |10.0.0.83 
+-------+----------+       +--------+---------+       +--------+---------+
| [ Ceph Node #1 ] |       | [ Ceph Node #2 ] |       | [ Ceph Node #3 ] |
|  Monitor Daemon  +-------+  Monitor Daemon  +-------+  Monitor Daemon  |
|  Object Storage  |       |  Object Storage  |       |  Object Storage  |
+------------------+       +------------------+       +------------------+

[1] First, Configure like follows on all Ceph Nodes like Admin Node and Storage Nodes. Any user is OK to set in sudoers, it is used as a Ceph admin user after this.
[cent@ceph-mds ~]$
echo -e 'Defaults:cent !requiretty\ncent ALL = (root) NOPASSWD:ALL' | sudo tee /etc/sudoers.d/ceph

[cent@ceph-mds ~]$
sudo chmod 440 /etc/sudoers.d/ceph

[2] Create and send SSH key-pairs to connect to Ceph Nodes with non-passphrase.
[cent@ceph-mds ~]$
ssh-keygen

Generating public/private rsa key pair.
Enter file in which to save the key (/home/cent/.ssh/id_rsa):
# Enter

Enter passphrase (empty for no passphrase):
# Enter

Enter same passphrase again:
# Enter

Your identification has been saved in /home/cent/.ssh/id_rsa.
Your public key has been saved in /home/cent/.ssh/id_rsa.pub.
The key fingerprint is:
8a:c1:0a:73:a6:81:4c:97:55:04:e5:be:37:db:22:3d cent@ceph-mds.srv.world
The key's randomart image is:
...
...
[cent@ceph-mds ~]$
vi ~/.ssh/config
# create new ( define all Ceph Nodes and user )

Host ceph-mds
    Hostname ceph-mds.srv.world
    User cent
Host ceph01
    Hostname ceph01.srv.world
    User cent
Host ceph02
    Hostname ceph02.srv.world
    User cent
Host ceph03
    Hostname ceph03.srv.world
    User cent

[cent@ceph-mds ~]$
chmod 600 ~/.ssh/config
# send SSH public key to a Node

[cent@ceph-mds ~]$
ssh-copy-id ceph01

cent@ceph01.srv.world's password:
# password for the user

Now try logging into the machine, with "ssh 'ceph01'", and check in:

  .ssh/authorized_keys

to make sure we haven't added extra keys that you weren't expecting.

# send to others too

[cent@ceph-mds ~]$
ssh-copy-id ceph02

[cent@ceph-mds ~]$
ssh-copy-id ceph03

[3] Configure Ceph Node on Admin Node.
[cent@ceph-mds ~]$
sudo yum -y install http://ceph.com/rpm-firefly/el6/noarch/ceph-release-1-0.el6.noarch.rpm \
http://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/6/x86_64/epel-release-6-8.noarch.rpm
[cent@ceph-mds ~]$
sudo yum -y install yum-plugin-priorities
[cent@ceph-mds ~]$
sudo sed -i -e "s/enabled=1/enabled=1\npriority=1/g" /etc/yum.repos.d/ceph.repo

[cent@ceph-mds ~]$
sudo yum -y install ceph ceph-deploy
[cent@ceph-mds ~]$
mkdir ceph

[cent@ceph-mds ~]$
cd ceph

# configure cluster

[cent@ceph-mds ceph]$
ceph-deploy new ceph01 ceph02 ceph03
# install Ceph on all Nodes

[cent@ceph-mds ceph]$
ceph-deploy install ceph01 ceph02 ceph03
# initial configuration for monitoring and keys

[cent@ceph-mds ceph]$
ceph-deploy mon create-initial

[4] Configure storage on Admin Node. On this example, create directories /storage01, /storage02, /storage03 on each Nodes ceph01, ceph02, ceph03 before settings below.
# prepare Object Storage Daemon

[cent@ceph-mds ceph]$
ceph-deploy osd prepare ceph01:/storage01 ceph02:/storage02 ceph03:/storage03

# activate Object Storage Daemon

[cent@ceph-mds ceph]$
ceph-deploy osd activate ceph01:/storage01 ceph02:/storage02 ceph03:/storage03

# Configure Meta Data Server

[cent@ceph-mds ceph]$
ceph-deploy admin ceph-mds

[cent@ceph-mds ceph]$
ceph-deploy mds create ceph-mds

# show status

[cent@ceph-mds ceph]$
ceph mds stat

e4: 1/1/1 up {0=ceph-mds=up:active}
[cent@ceph-mds ceph]$
ceph health

HEALTH_OK
# turn to "OK" if it's no ploblem after few minutes later

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