Fedora 18
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Add Hard Drives
2013/01/18
 
This is an example to create a new partition when you add new Hard Drives on your Machine.
The follows shows to create a LVM partition.
[root@dlp ~]#
fdisk /dev/sdb
# enter to the fdisk operation mode
WARNING: DOS-compatible mode is deprecated. It's strongly recommended to
  switch off the mode (command 'c') and change display units to

  sectors (command 'u').
Command (m for help):
p
# show partition table
Disk /dev/sdb: 320.1 GB, 320071851520 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 38913 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x000c881d
  Device Boot
Start
End
Blocks
Id
System

 
# none

Command (m for help):
n
# create a partition

Command action
  e    extended
  p    primary partition (1-4)
p
# primary

Partition number (1-4):
1
# partition number

First cylinder (1-1-38913, default 1):
# starting cylinder

Using default value 1
Last cylinder, +cylinders or +size{K,M,G} (1-38913, default 38913): 
# end cylinder

Using default value 38913
Command (m for help):
p
# show partition table
Disk /dev/sdb: 320.1 GB, 320071851520 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 38913 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x000c881d
  Device Boot
Start
End
Blocks
Id
System

  /dev/sdb1
1
38913
312568641
83
Linux  
# just created
Command (m for help):
t
# change type

Selected partition 1
Hex code (type L to list codes):
L
# show lists

 0  Empty           24  NEC DOS         81  Minix / old Lin bf  Solaris
 1  FAT12           27  Hidden NTFS Win 82  Linux swap / So c1  DRDOS/sec (FAT-
 2  XENIX root      39  Plan 9          83  Linux           c4  DRDOS/sec (FAT-
 3  XENIX usr       3c  PartitionMagic  84  OS/2 hidden C:  c6  DRDOS/sec (FAT-
 4  FAT16 <32M      40  Venix 80286     85  Linux extended  c7  Syrinx
 5  Extended        41  PPC PReP Boot   86  NTFS volume set da  Non-FS data
 6  FAT16           42  SFS             87  NTFS volume set db  CP/M / CTOS / .
 7  HPFS/NTFS/exFAT 4d  QNX4.x          88  Linux plaintext de  Dell Utility
 8  AIX             4e  QNX4.x 2nd part 8e  Linux LVM       df  BootIt
 9  AIX bootable    4f  QNX4.x 3rd part 93  Amoeba          e1  DOS access
 a  OS/2 Boot Manag 50  OnTrack DM      94  Amoeba BBT      e3  DOS R/O
 b  W95 FAT32       51  OnTrack DM6 Aux 9f  BSD/OS          e4  SpeedStor
 c  W95 FAT32 (LBA) 52  CP/M            a0  IBM Thinkpad hi eb  BeOS fs
 e  W95 FAT16 (LBA) 53  OnTrack DM6 Aux a5  FreeBSD         ee  GPT
 f  W95 Ext'd (LBA) 54  OnTrackDM6      a6  OpenBSD         ef  EFI (FAT-12/16/
10  OPUS            55  EZ-Drive        a7  NeXTSTEP        f0  Linux/PA-RISC b
11  Hidden FAT12    56  Golden Bow      a8  Darwin UFS      f1  SpeedStor
12  Compaq diagnost 5c  Priam Edisk     a9  NetBSD          f4  SpeedStor
14  Hidden FAT16 <3 61  SpeedStor       ab  Darwin boot     f2  DOS secondary
16  Hidden FAT16    63  GNU HURD or Sys af  HFS / HFS+      fb  VMware VMFS
17  Hidden HPFS/NTF 64  Novell Netware  b7  BSDI fs         fc  VMware VMKCORE
18  AST SmartSleep  65  Novell Netware  b8  BSDI swap       fd  Linux raid auto
1b  Hidden W95 FAT3 70  DiskSecure Mult bb  Boot Wizard hid fe  LANstep
1c  Hidden W95 FAT3 75  PC/IX           be  Solaris boot    ff  BBT
1e  Hidden W95 FAT1 80  Old Minix
Hex code (type L to list codes):
8e
 
# select Linux LVM number

Changed system type of partition 1 to 8e (Linux LVM)
Command (m for help):
p
# show partition table
Disk /dev/sdb: 320.1 GB, 320071851520 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 38913 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x000c881d
  Device Boot
Start
End
Blocks
Id
System

  /dev/sdb1
1
38913
312568641
8e
Linux LVM  
# just changed
Command (m for help):
w
# save and quit

The partition table has been altered!
Calling ioctl() to re-read partition table.
Syncing disks.
[root@dlp ~]#
sfdisk -l /dev/sdb
# show status
Disk /dev/sdb: 38913 cylinders, 255 heads, 63 sectors/track
Units = cylinders of 8225280 bytes, blocks of 1024 bytes, counting from 0
Device
  Boot
Start
End
#cyls
#blocks
Id
System

/dev/sdb1
0+
20022
38913-
312568641
8e
Linux LVM  
# just changed

/dev/sdb2
0
-
0
0
0
Empty

/dev/sdb3
0
-
0
0
0
Empty

/dev/sdb4
0
-
0
0
0
Empty

 
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